Presentation on theme: "EOG Review Words to Know. Elements of Fiction Plot: the series of events in a story. Four stages of Plot: Exposition: introduce the characters and setting."— Presentation transcript:
Elements of Fiction Plot: the series of events in a story. Four stages of Plot: Exposition: introduce the characters and setting. This is where we get the background information. Rising Action: story becomes more and more complicated and the conflict develops. Climax: the turning point of the story. This is the most exciting or suspenseful part of the story. Falling Action and Resolution: the loose ends are tied up and the conflict is usually solved.
Conflict A struggle or clash between opposing forces. External: a struggle between a character and an outside force. For example: Nature or a fight between another character Internal: a struggle between opposing desires within a character. For example: Should I tell on my friend or not?
Characters Are the people, animals, and imaginary creatures who take part in the action of a story. Main character: the action of the story centers on this character. Minor characters: interact with the main character and help move the story along. Character traits: are qualities a character possesses. For example: kind, selfish, courageous
More about Characters You can determine things about a character by: How they are described by the narrator How they are described by other characters How they act The character’s motivations (why they do what they do) The character’s thoughts and feelings
Setting The time and place which a story occurs. Answers the questions: When ? Where?
Tone The way the author feels about what he or she is writing. You have to figure it out by asking yourself what the author is saying and why (serious, silly, cheerful, dark, suspenseful, angry)
Theme The meaning or the moral of a story. Think back to the Holocaust novels we read. What was the lesson or the moral of those stories? Authors create themes to express their ideas about life and human nature.
Poetry Sounds: rhyme, rhythm, and repetition Rhyme: the repetition of similar sounds at the ends of words like moon and June. Rhythm: the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Repetition: the use of sounds, words, phrases, or whole lines more than once. Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds. Remember when I read The Cat in the Hat?
Figurative Language Imagery: words and phrases that appeal to the five senses. For example: blistering sun Simile: a comparison of two things that have something in common using the words like or as. For example: Her eyes are green as emeralds. Metaphor: a comparison that states one thing is actually something else. For example: Her eyes are emeralds. Personification: an animal, object, or idea is given human qualities. For example: The sun wrapped its warm arms round my shoulders.
Point of View The narrator’s perspective or position from which the story is told. First person: uses I, me, us, my; the narrator is a character in the story Third person: uses he, she, they; the narrator is not a character in the story- tells what a character thinks or feels.
Predictions When you guess what is most likely to happen next in a story. Its based on what has already happened and what you already know about the world Should always be reasonable, should be related to what you know about the story.
Inferences A determination you make based on information you have: A. You should have some kind of evidence to back it up B. It is the most likely interpretation of a situation given the evidence that is available C. You can make inferences about: A character’s interests, personality, or physical appearance A character’s history A character’s age The history of relationships between characters The reasons for a character’s behavior A character’s intentions (what he plans to do and why) A character’s next actions