Presentation on theme: "Organic Chemistry Notes All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon is able to form covalent bonds with other carbon atoms and many other elements easily."— Presentation transcript:
All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon is able to form covalent bonds with other carbon atoms and many other elements easily. Polymer- a large compound formed by smaller compounds bound together.
4 Macromolecules Carbohydrates Organic compound Composed of C, H, and O Ratio of 2H:1O:1C Used to store and release energy
3 Types of Carbohydrates Monosaccharide: one sugar molecule (glucose, fructose) Disaccharide: two sugar molecule (sucrose) Polysaccharide: polymers of many monosaccharides, 3 or more sugar molecule (starch, cellulose, glycogen)
Fats Organic compounds with a large number of C-H bonds and less oxygen Used for long term energy storage, insulation, protective coatings, and protection around organs. Consists of 3 fatty acids bonded to a molecule of glycerol 2. Lipids
Large, complex polymer Composed of C, H, O, N & some S Amino acids: basic building blocks of proteins (20 amino acids total) Used for muscle contraction, transporting O 2 in blood, immunity, hair and skin. Consists of amino acids bonded together. Enzymes: protein that speeds up a chemical reaction 3. Proteins
4 shapes of proteins Primary structure First Level
Complex macromolecule Uses: stores cellular information in the form of a code, DNA and RNA work together to form proteins in the body Made up of nucleotides: which consist of a sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogen base Nucleotides form DNA and RNA strands 4. Nucleic Acids