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Topic: Ecology MI: Organization in the Biosphere.

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Presentation on theme: "Topic: Ecology MI: Organization in the Biosphere."— Presentation transcript:


2 Topic: Ecology MI: Organization in the Biosphere

3 Ecology? Branch of biology that deals with the interactions among organisms and their environment

4 Biotic Factors All LIVING organisms in the environment

5 Abiotic Factors NONLIVING factors in the environment Water, oxygen, light, temperature, soil, inorganic and organic nutrients Physical_and_Abiotic_Factors_Impact_Living_Systems.asf

6 Population All individuals of a particular species within a certain area Example: –All black oak trees in a forest Populations.asf

7 Community ALL THE POPULATIONS of different organisms within a given area Example: all the frogs, fish, algae, and plants in and around a pond

8 Ecosystem A community and its physical environment Includes BIOTIC and ABIOTIC factors Ecosystems__Abiotic_and_Biotic_Factors.asf

9 Biosphere Portion of earth in which living things exist

10 Producers Produce organic compounds from inorganic compounds Autotrophs Ex: plants and algae

11 Consumers Heterotrophs Herbivores: feed only on plants Carnivores: feed on other animals - Predators  kill prey and feed on them - Scavengers  feed on dead animals they find Omnivores: feed on plants and animals Decomposers / Saprophytes: break down remains of dead organisms (bacteria and fungi) –Return nutrients back to soil to be used again (recycled)

12 Biodiversity Differences (variations) among living things in an ecosystem Leads to STABILITY Great value to humans –foods –medicines –energy –increased crop production Why_More_is_Better.asf

13 What is needed to keep an ecosystem stable? Constant source of energy (SUNLIGHT) Material cycles Producers

14 1.List some of the biotic factors in the diagram above. 2.List some of the abiotic factors seen in the diagram above? 3.What does this diagram represent? How can you tell?

15 In order to be self-sustaining, an ecosystem must contain (1.) large numbers of organisms (2.) a warm, moist environment (3.) a constant source of energy (4.) organisms which occupy the same niche

16 In a natural community, all the living things that directly or indirectly affect the environment are known as (1.) pioneer organisms (2.) secondary consumers (3.) climatic limitations (4.) biotic factors

17 Which organisms would most likely have a predator-prey relationship? (1.) tapeworm and dog (2.) barnacle and whale (3.) hawk and mouse (4.) rabbit and grass

18 Which group can best be described as a population? (1.) all the honeybees in an orchard (2.) all the plants and animals in a forest (3.) the life in Earth's atmosphere (4.) the living and nonliving factors in a meadow

19 A certain plant requires moisture, oxygen, carbon dioxide, light, and minerals in order to survive. This statement shows that a living organism depends on (1.) abiotic factors (2.) biotic factors (3.) carnivore-herbivore relationships (4.) symbiotic relationships

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