Presentation on theme: "Objective 4.01 : Political Parties. Political Party Purpose - win elections. Political party – group of people with common interests Anyone can join a."— Presentation transcript:
Political Party Purpose - win elections. Political party – group of people with common interests Anyone can join a political party. You simply declare yourself a member.
Political Party Functions Nominating candidates to office Get them ELECTED!!!!!!! Inform party supporters Govern Responsible for candidate performance Act as watchdog
One-Party System A one-party system or single-party system is a type of party system government in which a single political party forms the government and no other parties are permitted to run candidates for election. In most cases, single-party states have arisen from fascist, socialist, or communist ideologies.
Communist Party of China China would be an example of a one- party system.
Two Party System Two parties hold the vast majority of political offices The type of party system the U.S. has!!!!!!
Multi-party system Political parties exist in most countries, but a two-party system is rare. Most democracies have multi-party systems where there are more than 2 political parties. Allows for minority viewpoints to be heard.
Examples of Party Systems 1.In Jamaica, power alternates between the People’s National Party and the Jamaican Labour Party. Two-Party System 2.In North Korea, all government officials belong to the same political party-the Korean Workers Party. One-Party System 3.In Germany, the Social Democratic Party, the Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union, Alliance 90Greens, Free Democratic Party and the Left Party all gained seats in Bundestag-the German version of Congress. Multi-Party System
Two Party System Democrats AKA: Liberals Republicans AKA: Conservatives
Personal responsibility Limited government Free markets Individual liberty Traditional American values Strong national defense Role of government – provide people with the freedom necessary to pursue their own goals. Emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems Governmental action to achieve equal opportunity for all It is the duty of the State to alleviate social ills and protect civil liberties and individual and human rights It is the role of the government to guarantee that no one is in need Believe that people are basically good Emphasize the need for the government to solve people’s problems
Democratic Party It is the oldest political party in the United States and arguably the oldest party in the world. It is the majority party in the Senate. The Democratic Party is the more liberal party. Normally pass higher tax policy in order to have more social programs.
Republican Party It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP. Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers. Abe Lincoln was the 1 st Republican president elected. Today, the Republican Party supports a pro-business platform. It stands for lower taxes and more individual economic independence. It is considered to be the more conservative party.
Political Beliefs Liberals - Peaceful gradual change, such as promote social welfare Moderate - Share views with both the liberals and conservatives. Conservative - Keep things the way they are; Cautious about change; Favor less government Radical - Want quick change in government and will use violence (ex. Black Panthers) Reactionary - Want things to go back to “the way they were” and are willing to use violence (ex. KKK)
Political Spectrum Left Wing Right Wing Radical ex. Black Panthers Moderate *Where most Americans fall Reactionary ex. KKK Liberal Conservative Democrat Republican
Political Platform Platform - A list of the principles or beliefs supported by a person or party Equal protection of everyone Plank – each individual belief in a platform Illegal immigrants earn citizenship
Political Viewpoints Issues Barack Obama Democrat Mitt Romney Republican Abortion is a woman’s right Strongly FavorsOpposes Same-sex domestic partnership benefits Strongly FavorsOpposes Death penalty OpposesStrongly Favors Mandatory Three Strikes sentencing laws OpposesStrongly Favors Absolute right to own a gun Strongly OpposesFavors Expand the armed forces Favors (Democrats typically DO NOT favor) Favors US out of Iraq FavorsStrongly Opposes Teacher-led prayer in school Opposes Repeal tax cuts on wealthy Strongly FavorsOpposes