Bell ringer Analyze the timeline on pages 378 and 379. Write down 3 questions you want to find the answers to in this chapter.
Native American in Crisis The Culture of the Plains Indians The horse and buffalo are central to the nomadic life of the Plains Indians Plains Indians live communally in small groups that value individualism
Native American in Crisis Settlers Push Westward White settlers move westward to claim land, to farm, or to mine for gold The Homestead Act offers free land to settlers (filing fee)
Native American in Crisis The Government Restricts Native Americans The government sets aside land for Native Americans but later reverses its policy and limits the land occupied by tribes Some tribes that attempt to remain on their lands are slaughtered by U.S. troops The government forces the Sioux to sign the Treaty of 1868, which restricts them to reservations
Native American in Crisis Bloody Battles Continue Conflict escalates as settlement continues and Native Americans resist restriction to reservations The Black Hills, sacred Sioux territory, become a contested area as the government tries to secure its gold resources Custer’s defeat shocks white Americans and leads to increased army raids and defeat of the Sioux
Class work Complete “Native American Culture in Crisis”, pg. 53