Presentation on theme: "Aggressors Invade Nations"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aggressors Invade Nations Ch. 15.4As Germany, Italy, and Japan conquer other countries, the rest of the world does nothing to stop them.
2 Japan invades Manchuria To solve its economic problems and protect Japanese business interestsNotes: Japan Invades ManchuriaJapan has investments in Manchuria, Chinese Province (iron ore)In 1931, Japanese army seizes ManchuriaLeague of Nations protests action;Japan withdraws from LeagueMussolini Attacks EthiopiaIn 1935, Mussolini attacks EthiopiaLeague of Nations does not stop aggressionJapan Invades ChinaIn 1937, Japan launches war on China
3 Why did Britain and France take no action against Italian aggression? Britain and France hoped to keep the peace in EuropeNotes: Hitler Defies Versailles TreatyIn 1935, Hitler begins rebuilding German armyIn 1936, Germany occupies RhinelandBritain urges appeasement, a policy of giving in to aggressionGermany, Italy, and Japan—the Axis Powers—form an alliance
4 Manchuria was invaded by which country? ItalyJapanGermanyAustria
5 Manchuria was invaded by which country? ItalyJapanGermanyAustria
6 U.S. Isolationist Theory The U. S. isolationists hoped to keep the United States out of another warUnited States Follows an Isolationist PolicyIsolationism—avoidance of political ties with other countriesIn 1935, Congress passes Neutrality Acts
7 What were some effects of appeasing Hitler after his invasion of the Rhineland strengthened power in Germany encouraged Hitler to speed up military and territorial expansionThe German Reich ExpandsHitler plans to expand Third Reich—German EmpireIn 1938, Hitler annexes AustriaDuring WWI Austria-Hungary and Germany were allies, after the Treaty of Versailles they were split up.Hitler demands the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia (Munich Conference)Czechoslovakia refuses, asks France for help
9 Why was the Munich Conference unsuccessful? The Czechs were not invited. British P.M. Neville Chamberlain believed he could preserve peaceBritain and France Again Choose AppeasementLeaders meet at Munich Conference to settle Czech crisis the model of AppeasementBritain and France agree to let Hitler take SudetenlandBut in 1939, Hitler still takes rest of CzechoslovakiaMussolini takes Albania; Hitler demands part of PolandIt was clear that the agreement had failed to stop Hitler’s ambitions of world domination
10 Why did Stalin sign an agreement with Fascist Germany, once a bitter enemy? Stalin wanted to avoid war with GermanyNazis and Soviets Sign Nonaggression PactIn 1939, Stalin and Hitler pledge never to attack one another
11 Stalin and HitlerHitler argued that the Polish port of Danzig was Germany’sStalin and Hitler secretly agreed to split Poland.Hitler’s ultimate plan was to take all of Poland, but he never told Stalin that.