Chapter Preview- Main Ideas Section 1- China’s First Civilizations: a)Civilization was shaped by geography. b)Dynasties ruled with strong armies. Section 2- Life in Ancient China: a)They had 3 social classes. b)A need for order led to 3 philosophies. Section 3- The Qin and Han Dynasties: a)Qin and Han dynasties create strong central governments. b)Han dynasty inventions improved lives of Chinese.
Sec.1- TERMS Vocabulary: dynasty, aristocrat, pictograph, ideograph, bureaucracy, mandate, Dao People: Wu Wang (WOO WAHNG) Places: Huang He (HWAHNG HUH) Chang Jiang (CHAHNG JYAHNG) Anyang (AHN-YAHNG)
Sec.1 Main Ideas a) Civilization was shaped by geography: Rivers*- Huang He (aka: Yellow River or China’s Sorrow), Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) Seas- Yellow Sea, South China Sea, East China Sea Mountains*-Himalaya, Tian Shan, Kunlun Shan, Altay, Altun Plateau- Tibet Deserts*- Taklimakan, Gobi
b) Dynasties ruled with strong armies: Shang Dynasty*- Kings rule from about 1750 B.C. to 1045 B.C. Built first Chinese cities King in charge of defending kingdom Descendants of Xia rulers (little known about these ancestors) Zhou Dynasty*- Kings rules from about King in charge of defending kingdom Develop irrigation and flood control system? Finish me, PUH-LEEESe!!!
Sec.2 Main Ideas a) Early Chinese society had 3 social classes: Aristocrats- Nobles whose wealth came from land ownership Farmers- Owned a small piece of land & grew food for their family Merchants- Shopkeepers, traders, & bankers; lived in towns that provided goods and services to the landowners b) 3 Chinese philosophies developed from unrest: Confucianism- Confucius taught that people needed a sense of duty to their family and community in order to bring peace to society Daoism- Laozi taught people how to behave by giving up worldly desires in order to create a peaceful society; aka Taoism?? Legalism- Hanfeizi taught that humans are naturally evil and therefore need to be ruled by harsh laws
Sec.3 TERMS Vocabulary: acupuncture People: Qin Shihuangdi Liu Bang Han Wudi Places: Guangzhou Silk Road Luoyang
Sec.3 Main Ideas a) Qin dynasty created strong central government. Opposers of Qin Shihuangdi were punished or killed. Emperor created government offices to keep order. 2 nd in power to the emperor were kings of provinces. Qin Shihuangdi created one currency- helped trade. He built roads, a canal, & the Great Wall of China.***
b) Han dynasty inventions improved Chinese life. Wudi created tests to measure talents and skills. Paper, Rubber, & Steel Waterwheels to grind grain New iron drill bits New forms of literature Government officials developed record keeping methods. New way to move sails of ships Chinese medicine used herbs
NOT Forever alone Liu Bang was a peasant & military leader before becoming emperor. The Chinese people liked Liu Bang more than Qin. The Silk Road carried goods to Greece and Rome. Unrest in China helped Buddhism to spread.