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Chapter 8 Religion and Reform.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Religion and Reform."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 Religion and Reform

2 Key Ideas 2nd Great Awakening Evangelical preachers
New religious groups Non Protestants suffer discrimination Mormons Catholics Jews

3 Interest in Religion

4 Mormon Migration

5 Key Ideas Utopian Societies – “Perfect”
Lived together communally Brook Farm, New Harmony Transcendentalists – nature; transcend religion Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau – Walden

6 Communal Societies

7 Key Ideas Reformers Ill and Imprisoned
Education – Public school movement Horace Mann Noah Webster (dictionary) Ill and Imprisoned Dorothea Dix – mental hospitals Prison system – penitentiary movement Temperance Movement (moderation) End alcohol abuse American Temperance Society

8 Temperance

9 Key Ideas Antislavery Movement Cruel treatment; worked dawn to dusk
Resistance – Denmark Vesey, Nat Turner William Lloyd Garrison – American Anti-Slavery Society, The Liberator Abolitionism spreads – Frederick Douglass Southerners cling to slavery; defend it Abolitionist women realized women had no rights either! Began women’s movement American Colonization Society – movement to return to Africa (Liberia)

10 Slave States

11 Key Ideas Women’s movement
No property, vote, rights; education limited Women led reform efforts; slow going Disagreement on aims Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton Seneca Falls Convention – Declaration of Sentiments; first conference Mid 1800’s had gained some rights

12 Status of Women

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