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Molecules of Life Jeremy Varner Grand Canyon University TEC 571 Module 5 Assignment 3/23/11
Organic Compounds Organic compounds are the heart of all living things. Organic is associated with the word “living”.
Major classes of organic compounds Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic Acids Lipids
Carbohydrates Monosaccharides Glucose, galactose, & fructose Disaccharides Sucrose, lactose, maltose
Carbohydrates Polysaccharides Starch, cellulose, & glycogen
Review Which of these are carbohydrates? Monosaccharides Dissaccharides Trisaccharids Quadsaccharides Polysaccharides
Which of these are carbohydrates? Monosaccharides Dissaccharides Trisaccharids Quadsaccharides Polysaccharides
Proteins Composed of nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen Elements form Amino Acids 20 total Chains of A.A. form proteins
Proteins- Amino Acids
Proteins Dipeptides Two amino acids bonded together Peptide bond Bonds two amino acids together Polypeptides Long chains of amino acids
Proteins- Peptide Bonds
Proteins Shape of protein is determined by the sequence of A.A. Temperature and solvent can also influence shape
Proteins Enzymes Highly specific One protein may have only one function Catalyst in the body for chemical reactions
Nucleic Acids 2 Forms of Nucleic Acids DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid RNA Ribonucleic Acid Messenger RNA (mRNA) Transfer RNA (tRNA) Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Chapter 2 – BIOCHEMISTRY
Vocabulary 16. Lipid Monosaccharide 17. Nucleotide Active site DNA
Chemistry of Life. n Matter -- anything that has MASS and takes up SPACE n EVERYTHING is made of matter.
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Chapter 2 Section 3.
Macromolecules: The 4 Building Blocks of Life. A. What are macromolecules? 1 : Macromolecules are in living cells and are made up of smaller molecules.
Section 6.3 – Life Substances
Carbon Compounds in Living Things
Organic Molecules vocabulary. Lipids Lipids: Fats and oils. Composed of carbon and hydrogen. They are used to store energy long term. Examples: butter,
Biochemistry Common elements found inside a cell: 1. Nitrogen 2. Carbon 3. Oxygen 4. Hydrogen 5. Phosphorus Organic molecules: contain carbon and hydrogen.
Organic Molecules. Organic Compounds Contain C and H Often form long chains of carbon atoms linked by covalent bonds Macromolecules = large organic.
Biochemistry Notes. Carbon Organic molecules contain carbon. Carbon has 4 electrons available for bonding.
Biochemistry Chapter 3.
Molecules of Life. Section 2 Molecules of Life Chapter 3 Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in.
Biologically Important Molecules. There are four biologically important groups of molecules found in living organisms. They are: Carbohydrate.
Organic Chemistry Notes All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon is able to form covalent bonds with other carbon atoms and many other elements easily.
6.3 a – Introduction to Biomolecules. What is an organic compound? What is so special about Carbon? Compounds containing C, H, O and often N, P, & S.
Biochemistry The Chemistry of Life. Chemical Elements Elements: 105 single substances can’t be broken down. 4 Most Common Elements: C- carbon H- hydrogen.
Organic Compounds “Macromolecules”.
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