Presentation on theme: "The US Enters WWI CHAPTER 6 SECTION 1. Woodrow Wilson’s Diplomacy Wilson promoted moral democracy He opposed imperialism Essential to the nations."— Presentation transcript:
Woodrow Wilson’s Diplomacy Wilson promoted moral democracy He opposed imperialism Essential to the nations stability and prosperity Wilson gets involved in the Mexican Revolution 1911 a rev had broke out in Mexico Which forced out the Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz Mexican people were very poor and unhappy with their conditions
Mexican Revolution This places Francisco Madero into power Who is then overthrown by Victoriano Huerta Wilson did not recognize Huerta as president Wilson as a part of his diplomacy believes the US should intervene He believed that it was our responsibility to put good people into power and decide which govts were good * Moral Obligation Wilson allows Americans to provide arms to support other political groups 1914 Amer. Sailors are captured and released but Wilson uses this as a n excuse to attack Huerta Carranza becomes Mexico's president Mex. Forces opposed the new pres, and Pancho Villa leads a group of guerrillas –burns down Columbus New Mexico
Mexican Revolution Wilson sends in troops, John Pershing attempts to capture Villa but is unsuccessful Wilson becomes more concerned with the war in Europe and recalls Pershing’s troops Hurts Wilsons reputation internationally –especially with Britain and Latin America Wilson during his term sent troops into Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic Do these actions reflect his policy of moral democracy or his opposition to imperialism?
Europe Goes to War Nationalism- feeling of intense national pride of ones homeland Self determination- the idea that people who belong to a nation that should have its own country and govt Europe goes to war after the assassination of the archduke Franz Ferdinand What countries are fighting and what alliances are formed?
American Neutrality Americans take two sides Recent immigrants particularly Germans support their homeland Irish immigrants also support the Germans Many Americans were pro Britain/France British propaganda- info designed to influence opinion Business interests- east coast business heavily tied with Britain Wilson’s cabinet and military leaders backed the British American banks invested heavily in an Ally victory
Moving Toward War Britain deployed their navy to bloke Germany from obtaining supplies Germany knew that Britain and the Allies depended on trade with the US Germany sent their U-boats to get around the British blockade and force a surrender Germany ended up attacking multiple civilian vessels which outraged Americans May 7, 1915 Germany attacked the British passenger liner Lusitania killing 1200 including 128 Americans Wilson continued attempts at diplomacy with Germany and sent several more warnings Wilson at the time was distracted with the crisis in Mexico Sussex Pledge- Germany along with other conditions would no longer sink merchant ships without warning This kept the US neutral and out of the war, but only for a short time
The United States Declares War Wilson’s ability to keep the US out of war gains him reelection German official Arthur Zimmermann cabled the ambassador in Mexico He proposes an alliance, in return Mexico would gain its lost territory in Texas, new Mexico and Arizona British intercept this Zimmermann telegram, and leak it to the US Americans are infuriated with Germany, and want War 1917 along with the resumed German submarine warfare and American sentiment toward Germany finally pushed Wilson to ask congress to declare war By April 6, 1917 America was at war with a majority vote in the senate and house