Presentation on theme: "The Circulatory System. The circulatory system is the transportation system by which oxygen and nutrients reach the body's cells, and waste materials."— Presentation transcript:
The heart, the lungs, and the blood vessels work together to form the circle part of the circulatory system.
Circulation Two parts Heart acts as a double pump Blood from the right side pump is dark red and low in oxygen (oxygen-poor)
Circulation Travels through pulmonary arteries to lungs where it gets fresh oxygen and becomes bright red Blood from lungs through pulmonary veins back to the heart's left side pump Pumped out into the body
3 Parts of the Circulatory System Divided into three major parts: –The Heart –The Blood –The Blood Vessels
The Heart Size of your fist Four Chambers: Left Atrium, Right Atrium, Left Ventricle, Right Ventricle Divided into two sides Each side has two chambers Upper chamber - atrium receives blood coming in from the veins Lower chamber - ventricle squeezes blood out into the arteries
Blood Hemoglobin- the chemical that carries oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood Plasma- the liquid part of the blood that carries nutrients Platelets- the odd-shaped cell fragments that help clot blood
Veins carry oxygen-poor blood back to the heart from the rest of the body. They are usually designated by the color blue because oxygen-poor blood is a dark red color. ***Remember that they carry blood to the heart***
http://hes.ucf.k12.pa.us/gclaypo/circdia.html Valves are located inside the veins. The valves only allow blood to move in one direction.
Connect arteries to veins and is where oxygen & waste exchange occur. They are only big enough for one blood cell to pass at a time. Capillaries The Capillaries are in between the artery on the left and the vein on the right The little donut-shaped red blood cell (scientific name erythrocyte) squeezes through the capillary and drops off its cargo of nutrients and oxygen Click here for a video of blood flowing in the blood vessels
4 ways to care for the Circulatory System 1.Eliminate excess weight 2.Exercise to strengthen heart muscle 3.Manage Stress 4.Avoid Smoking
What is Blood Pressure? Force of blood on the walls of blood vessels
Diseases of the Circulatory System Hypertension- high blood pressure Atherosclerosis- buildup of fats on the walls of arteries which can cause heart attacks Leukemia- cancer of the blood which prevents the production of healthy blood cells