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Photography Composition using the Elements and Principles of Art.

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Presentation on theme: "Photography Composition using the Elements and Principles of Art."— Presentation transcript:


2 Photography Composition using the Elements and Principles of Art

3 What Are They? Elements of design are the parts. They structure and carry the work. Principles of design are concepts. They affect content and message.

4 Elements The basic building blocks Line Shape/Form Space Value Texture Color

5 Lines A mark made by a moving point. Has greater length than width. Directs the eye – horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curvy, zig-zag, etc. Can be actual obvious lines or the borders or edges of shapes.

6 Lines

7 Shape/Form Form is an area surrounded by space. Shape is a contained area. Can be GEOMETRIC (man-made) ex. Square, triangle, circle, etc. Can be ORGANIC (natural) ex. Leaves, humans, puddles, etc. Shapes are 2-Dimensional and flat. (circle) Forms are 3-Dimensional with height, width and depth. (sphere) Used to create a sense of space and substance.

8 Shape/Form

9 Space Space can be positive or negative. Positive space – the area the objects/subject takes up. Negative space – the area around, under, through and between. Gives the photo a 3-dimensional feeling. (Depth) Foreground (closest), Middle ground, and Background (farthest). Can be open, crowded, near, far, etc.

10 Space

11 Value Black and White and all the Grays in between Dark to Light Can add drama and impact to composition. Can give a sense of timelessness Train your eye to read color as Black and White!

12 Value

13 Texture The surface quality. How an object feels, or how it looks like it feels. Rough, smooth, bumpy, gooey, sharp, etc. Adds interest! Sense of sight and sense of touch involved.

14 Texture

15 Color Artistic term is HUE Need light to see color. Primary, Secondary, Intermediates. Use color schemes to enhance appeal or make impact.

16 Color

17 Principles The different arrangements – or compositions - of the ELEMENTS of design to create artistic, interesting, more visually powerful photographs.

18 What are the Principles of Art? Emphasis Balance Unity Harmony Proportion Variety Contrast Movement/ Rhythm Pattern/Repetition

19 EMPHASIS or Focal Point Emphasis in a composition refers to developing points of interest to pull the viewer's eye to important parts of the body of the work.

20 Emphasis Examples

21 Balance Balance is a sense of stability in the body of work. Balance can be created by repeating same shapes and by creating a feeling of equal weight.

22 Balance Examples

23 Unity Unity is seen in a painting or drawing when all the parts equal a whole.

24 Unity Examples

25 Harmony Harmony is when elements are related and may combine similar elements in an image. (Can be done through color or similar forms.)

26 Harmony Examples

27 Proportion Proportion is the relationship between the size and scale of the elements in a design. This relationship can be between the objects, parts, or the whole.

28 Proportion Examples

29 Variety Variety combines elements to create an intricate and complex relationship.

30 Variety Examples

31 Showcasing both Unity and Variety Unity is a set of elements from the same family. Variety is elements that are similar, but not the same.

32 CONTRAST Contrast refers to the opposites and differences in the work. You can achieve variety by using different shapes, textures, colors and values in your work.

33 CONTRAST Examples high contrast low contrast

34 Movement/Rhythm Movement adds excitement to your work by showing action and directing the viewers eye throughout the picture plane. Rhythm is a type of movement in drawing and painting. It is seen in repeating of shapes and colors. Alternating lights and darks also give a sense of rhythm.

35 Movement

36 Rhythm Rhythm is a path your eye follows through a composition. In the image, your eye follows the steps around the staircase by making a measured jump from step to step.

37 Pattern/Repetition An element that occurs over and over again in a composition. Can repeat the element in a consistent pattern. Can repeat the element in a variation of the pattern.

38 Repetition Examples

39 For you to complete in class Look at these 2 photos: Which Elements best describe and which Principles of Art/Design best describe. (you can refer to your sheet)

40 Elements and Principles in Photographic Composition The Elements and Principles are used in making photographs – not just taking photographs. You have to know and understand the elements and principles of art to see them all around you and capture them in your photos. Good luck!

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