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Hydrocarbons *Compounds with just Hydrogen and Carbon
Reference Tables used with Organic ChemistryTable P Table Q
Types of Hydrocarbons:Alkanes *have single bonds between carbons *end in “ane” * formula = CnH2n+2 methane ethane propane
Branched Chain AlkanesNeed at least 4 carbons Isomers: same molecular formula but different structural formulas C5H12
Types of Hydrocarbons:Alkenes: *have one double bond between carbons *end in “ene” * formula = CnH2n ethene propene 1-butene butene
Types of Hydrocarbons:3. Alkynes: *have one triple bond between carbons *end in “yne” * formula = CnH2n-2 ethyne propyne
A group of compounds that vary by a common incrementHomologous Series: A group of compounds that vary by a common increment Table Q ane = Single bond ene = Double bond yne = Triple bond
Derivatives of HydrocarbonsOne or more atoms replace Hydrogen in the hydrocarbon Alkyl Group: *an alkane with a missing Hydrogen Methane CH4 CH3 Ethane C2H6 Ethyl C2H5
Derivatives of HydrocarbonsFunctional Group: *a group of elements that determine the type of compound Table R Alcohol - Base – NaOH not a functional group
Basics of Organic Chemistry. explain that there are many organic compounds because carbon atoms can form four bonds recall the formulae of methane, ethane,
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Aliphatic Series Chains or Branched Chains
Naming Hydrocarbons (nomenclature) Basic Naming of Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbon names are based on: 1)Type, 2)# of carbons, 3)side chain type and position.
Hydrocarbons: contain carbon and hydrogen Alkanes contain only single bonds Alkenes contain at least one double bond Alkynes contain at least one triple.
UNIT 3 – ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. OBJECTIVES What does Organic mean? Is “organic” always good? (or better?)
Topic: Alkenes & Alkynes (unsaturated hydrocarbons) Do Now: Name the following. Are the Isomers?
20.7 Naming Alkenes & Alkynes Alkene formula = C n H 2n Alkyne formula = C n H 2n-2 geometric isomers cis-2-butenetrans-2-butene.
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