2 Globe LinesAxis – an imaginary line that passes through the center of Earth between the North and South Poles on which Earth rotates Equator – an imaginary line that runs around the center of Earth horizontally, halfway between the North and South Poles at 0 degrees latitude Prime Meridian – an imaginary line that runs around the center of Earth from the North Pole to the South Pole at 0 degrees longitude Lines of Latitude – Imaginary lines on the Earth that run parallel to the Equator Lines of Longitude – Imaginary lines on the Earth that meet at the poles.
4 HEMISPHERESThe Earth is divided into four major areas, or hemispheres. There are four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western The Equator divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres The Prime Meridian divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
10 Oceans Great bodies of water that cover ¾ of the Earth’s surface There are 5ArticAtlanticIndianPacificSouthern (not always recognized as an ocean)
11 The world’s largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean.
12 The world’s smallest ocean is the Indian Ocean.
13 Lines of LatitudeEquator – 0 degrees latitude Tropic of Cancer – 23.5 degrees north latitude Tropic of Capricorn – 23.5 degrees south latitude Artic Circle – 66.5 degrees north latitude Antarctic Circle degrees south latitude