1. One God 2. Pray 5 x day 3. Give to the poor 4. Fast during Ramadan 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca
Why did the Sunnis and Shi’ites (Shia) split into 2 separate groups?
The 2 groups could not agree on who should take over after Muhammad’s death. Shia believe the leader of Islam must be a direct descendant of Muhammad; Sunni believe it should be a great person devoted to Islam. Best one for the job.
Arabs comprise most of the population of SW Asia (aka Middle East). They are the largest ethnic group. They consider themselves to be descendants of Abraham in the Bible, Through his son Ishmael. Most Arabs are Muslim and speak Arabic.
How have deserts and rivers affected the population of the Middle East?
People live around water! Cities have grown up around rivers and water. Most of the population lives in areas where there is water. People don’t live in the deserts where there is no access to water.