 # Title: Metric System. 1. What are the base units in the metric system (M.S.)? 2. How do you convert metric units? 3. Why is the M.S. used in the world.

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Title: Metric System

1. What are the base units in the metric system (M.S.)? 2. How do you convert metric units? 3. Why is the M.S. used in the world of science? Essential Questions: (E.Q.)

 Almost all other countries are using the metric system Other countries’ companies are refusing to buy products from the U.S.A. if not labeled in metric units Scientists need a universal way to communicate data (SI Units or M.S.) WHY SHOULD WE USE THE METRIC SYSTEM?

Base Units Meter Liter Gram My Large Giraffe

Length= Meter

1 millimeter (1 mm) About the thickness of a dime

1 centimeter (1 cm)

1 kilometer (1 km) About the length of 10 football fields

Volume = Liter

1 liter (1 L) 1 liter of coke

1 milliliter (1 mL or 1 ml) Capacity of an eyedropper

1 kiloliter (1kL or 1 kl) About the capacity of 4 bathtubs

Mass = Gram

1 gram (1 g) About the mass of a paperclip

1 milligram (1 mg) About the mass of a grain of sand

1 kilogram (1 kg)

The Metric (SI) system is based on multiples of 10!

Metric Conversion Mnemonic K kKing (kilo, 1,000) H hHenry (hecto, 100) D dDied (deka, 10) abbreviation-(dk) U UUnexpectedly (Unit (Liter, meter, gram) D dDrinking (deci 1/10) C cChocolate (centi 1/100) M mMilk (milli, 1/1,000)

HECTO 100 Units KILO 1000 Units DEKA 10 Units DECI 0.1 Unit CENTI 0.01 Unit MILLI 0.001 Unit Meters Liters Grams House Method How do you use the “house” method? 1 st – Determine your starting point. 2 nd – Count the “jumps” to your ending point. 3 rd – Move the decimal the same number of jumps in the same direction. 4 km = _________ m 1 2 3 How many jumps does it take? Starting Point Ending Point 4. 1 __. 2 3 = 4000 m

KiloHectoDeka Gram decicentimilli Practice Problem 1 How many mg are in 3.6 Kg? Starting pointFinal Destination 3,600,000 mg 6 places to the right of the decimal point 3.6 kg36.0 hectogram 360. 0 dekagrams 3600. 0 grams 360000.0 centigrams 3600000.0 milligrams 36000. 0 deci grams

KiloHectoDeka Meter decicentimilli Practice Problem 2 How many hm are in 12.67 mm? Starting pointFinal Destination 0.0001267 hm 5 places to the left of the decimal point

Try these conversions using the ladder method. 1000 mg = _______ g 1 L = _______ mL160 cm = _______ mm 14 km = _______ m109 g = _______ kg 250 m = _______ km Conversion Practice Compare using, or =. 56 cm 6 m 7 g 698 mg

Write the correct abbreviation for each metric unit. 1) Kilogram _____ 4) Milliliter _____ 7) Kilometer _____ 2) Meter _____ 5) Millimeter _____ 8) Centimeter _____ 3) Gram _____ 6) Liter _____ 9) Milligram _____ Try these conversions, using the ladder method. 10) 2000 mg = _______ g 15) 5 L = _______ mL 20) 16 cm = _______ mm 11) 104 km = _______ m 16) 198 g = _______ kg 21) 2500 m = _______ km 12) 480 cm = _____ m 17) 75 mL = _____ L 22) 65 g = _____ mg 13) 5.6 kg = _____ g 18) 50 cm = _____ m 23) 6.3 cm = _____ mm 14) 8 mm = _____ cm 19) 5.6 m = _____ cm 24) 120 mg = _____ g Metric Conversions

Compare using, or =. 25) 63 cm 6 m 27) 5 g 508 mg 29) 1,500 mL 1.5 L 26) 536 cm 53.6 dm 28) 43 mg 5 g 30) 3.6 m 36 cm

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