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Published byThomasina Floyd Modified over 7 years ago
European nations explored Africa in the late 1800s and learned that: It is about four times the size of Europe It was very diverse and included many different cultures and languages
North Africa In the 1400s, North Africa was mainly ruled by Ottomans. By the 1800s, the Ottomans were losing control of Northern Africa. West Africa Islamic reform- Muslim leaders tried to revive Islam Several new Muslim states arose. East Africa Also influenced by Islam Shipped slaves to the middle east via trade ships Southern Africa Shaka united the Zulu
European nations began outlawing slavery in the early 1800s. British freed some slaves and some U.S. slaves settled in Liberia. 1847- Liberia became an independent nation.
Mungo Park and Richard Burton were interested in the geography of Africa such as the Niger, Niger, and Congo rivers.
Catholic and Protestant missionaries all tried very hard to spread Christianity throughout Africa. They sincerely wanted to help the African people, and built schools and medical clinics as well as churches.
Berlin Conference In 1884, European powers met at a conference in Berlin, Germany to discuss Africa. They called for free trade on the Congo and Niger rivers. Agreed that if there was not a government office present in Africa, that country could not control the area. After 20 years, only Liberia and Ethiopia remained independent.
Wealthy Belgians exploited the Congo’s resources. Horrifying stories about the terrible treatment of workers there soon left the region. Because of this outrage, the Congo was turned over to the Belgian government in 1908.
France took a large part of Africa in the early 1800s, which at one point was larger than the U.S’s hold on Africa. Britain had more heavily populated areas, but it’s claims were smaller and more spread out.
The discovery of gold and diamonds in the Boer republics began the Boer war in the late 1800s. The war lasted from 1899 to 1902, and eventually the British won. 1910- British united Cape Colony and former Boer republics into the Union of South Africa. Racial segregation remained until 1993.
Nehanda of the Shona in Zimbabwe was a woman who became an African military leader and inspired others to fight for their own freedom. 1905- Maji-Maji rebellion. The Germans only won in the end by using a scorched earth policy and leaving the local people to starve. Ethiopia however, successfully resisted by being well prepared for Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1896.
In the end, some Africans rejected their own culture and traded it for western ways. Other Africans stuck to their own African traditions. In the early 1900s, African leaders were attempting to gain independence for Africa.
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