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The Geography of the Indian subcontinent.

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Presentation on theme: "The Geography of the Indian subcontinent."— Presentation transcript:

1 the Geography of the Indian subcontinent

2 South Asia

3 Second Highest Population with 1.2 billion people
The Size of South Asia Second Highest Population with 1.2 billion people

4 Satellite View of South Asia

5 Mountains & Peaks Karakorum Mts. Hindu Kush I I Khyber Pass K2
Himalayas Mt. Everest ▲

6 barriers between India subcontinent and Asia
Mountains Northern Mountains barriers between India subcontinent and Asia Himalayas Hindu Kush (Khyber Pass) Karakorum

7 The Himalayas Giant barrier between Indian subcontinent and China
“him” [snow] “aalaya” [home] Mt. Everest is 29,035 feet. It is the highest mt. peak in the world.

8 The Himalayas Created by movement/collision of tectonic plates

9 Mountain Range between Pakistan and Afghanistan
Hindu Kush Mountain Range between Pakistan and Afghanistan

10 The Khyber Pass Passage through Hindu Kush Mts.
Used to invade, or pass through to enter India, trade route, spreading of culture

11 Central Mountains Vindhya Mountains
Separate the Deccan Plateau & the Indo Gangetic Plain forms a cultural barrier between Northern and Southern India lies across the central portion of the Indian subcontinent.

12 Eastern & Western Ghats
HILLS Eastern & Western Ghats Runs along the southern coastal regions of India Causes the rain shadow effect on the Deccan Plateau

13 Rain Shadow

14 Plateaus Deccan Plateau

15 The Deccan Plateau Located between the Eastern & Western Ghats
Semi Arid climate-dry due to rain shadow effect. 31,800 square miles in size. Elevation range: 2,000 – 8,000 feet high. From the Sanskrit word, “dakshina” [“the south”].

16 THAR DESERT Thar Desert

17 DESERT Thar Desert The Great Indian Desert (in NW India)
feet in elevation. up to 127ºF in July.

18 Rivers Indus R. Brahmaputra R. Ganges R.

19 River Systems All begin in Himalayas Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra
Create alluvial plains when they over flow – rich soil

20 Indus River Cultural hearth (Indus River Valley)
Fighting today over who controls the head waters of the river (where it starts) Indus River

21 Flooding on the Brahmaputra
Floods in Bangladesh

22 Ganges River Sacred River to Hindus Very polluted river
Nicknamed Gangamai, which means Mother Ganges Population density (1000 people / sq mile)

23 Mother Ganges

24 Indo-Gangetic Plains Indo-Gangetic Plain

Between Ganges & Indus rivers, south of the Himalayas Alluvial Plains fertile soil, farming region High population= 3/5 of population of India lives here

26 Islands Sri Lanka Maldives

27 Islands Sri Lanka Tropical Mountains in center Small rivers
Coastal plains

28 Islands Maldives Archipelago 1,200+ islands (only 200 are inhabited)
atolls Low-lying tops of submerged volcanoes Surrounded by coral reefs and lagoons

29 Monsoons-seasonal winds
Affect the climates of South Asia Summer Monsoons bring heavy rainfall, esp in Ganges delta region Monsoons highly unpredictable Crucial to life in the subcontinent

30 Winter Monsoons Nov.- April DRY Winds blow from the Northeast to the Southwest

31 SUMMER MONSOONS MAY-OCT WET, heavy with moisture (rain)
Winds blow from the SOUTHWEST to the NORTHEAST

32 Monsoons

33 CLIMATE REGIONS Climates Range from Tropical Wet (warmest) to Highlands (coldest) Where is the Highland climate? *Himalayas

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