2 Quotation MarksUse quotation marks to enclose ONLY direct quotations---exact wordsExample:Melanie said, “This car is making a very strange noise.”“Maybe we should pull over,” suggested Amy.She shouted, “We can win, team!”
3 Quotation Marks Do not use quotation marks with indirect quotations… ExamplesStephanie said that she was going to wash the car.The student said that he had already completed the project.
4 Quotation Marks Direct quotes generally begin with a capital letter. Examples:Explaining the lever, Archimedes said, “Give me a place to stand, and I can move the world.Miss Perez answered, “The rest of the chapter, of course.
5 Quotation MarksWhen an interrupting expression divides a quoted sentence into two parts, the second part begins with a lowercase letter.Examples:“I wish,” she said, “that we went to the same school.”“I know,” I answered, “but at least we are friends.”
6 Quotation MarksDirect quotes can be set off from the rest of the sentence by a quotation mark, exclamation point, a question mark…but not a period.Basically, you can end a quote with any of these types of punctuation and continue your sentence.
7 Quotation Marks Rules for where to place punctuation: Commas and periods are placed INSIDE closing QMSemicolons and colons are placed OUTSIDE closing QMQuestion marks and exclamation points are placed INSIDE closing QM…if the quote itself is quote or an exclamation…otherwise, they go outside
8 Italics/Underlining with Titles When typing, you should use italicsWhen handwriting, you should use underliningYou should never use bothAlthough people do it all the time for emphasis in things such as notes…it’s not proper to do in formal English!
9 Italics/Underlining with Titles BooksTo Kill a MockingbirdDrivers EdPlaysRomeo and JulietDriving Miss DaisyMoviesGone with the WindNight at the MuseumNewspapersMobile PressUSA TodayMagazinesPeopleSports Illustrated, SeventeenTelevision SeriesCSI MiamiMythbustersWorks of ArtMona LisaThe Thinker
10 Italics/Underlining with Titles ShipsTitanicHolidayAirplanesEnola GaySpirit of St. LouisSpacecraftColumbiaApolloBook LengthPoemsOdysseyIlliadLong MusicalCompositions (CD Titles)Swan LakeLeave This TownForeign Wordssemper fideliscarpe diemWords Used as WordsThe word Mississippi has four s’s and four i’s.
11 Quotation Marks with Titles Articles“What Teenagers NeedTo Know about DietsEssays“Charley in Yellowstone”“An Apartment in Yellowstone”Short Stories“The Most Dangerous Game”“The Necklace”Poems“The Raven”“Fifteen”Songs“Home”“Sweet Caroline”Episodes ofTV Series“The Sure Thing”“Monarch in Waiting”Book Chapters“The Talk of the Town”“Life in the First Settlement”