Presentation on theme: "ENABLING ACTIVITIES FOR THE PREPARATION OF THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA’S SECOND NATIONAL COMMUNCIATION TO THE UNFCCC (SNC Project) Presented by Long Rithirak."— Presentation transcript:
ENABLING ACTIVITIES FOR THE PREPARATION OF THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA’S SECOND NATIONAL COMMUNCIATION TO THE UNFCCC (SNC Project) Presented by Long Rithirak Cambodia’s GEF National Focal Point 2009 Sub-Regional Workshop for GEF Focal Points in Asia Bangkok, Thailand, 7-9 April 2009
Outline of the Presentation 1.Background 2.Key Players 3.Results and Achievements 4.Lessons Learnt and Recommendations 5.Constraints and Challenges
1. Background Cambodia’s SNC is a 3-year project (2007-2009) with a total budget of US$405,000 Management arrangement: National Execution by Ministry of Environment It aims: (i) to strengthen the technical and institutional capacity of Cambodia in mainstreaming climate change concerns into sectoral and national development plans, and (ii) to prepare and submit the Cambodia’s SNC to the UNFCCC and thus meet its Convention obligations
2. Key Players National Climate Change Committee (NCCC): the project policy- making body and will oversee overall project implementation and ensure inter-agency coordination The Ministry of Environment (MoE): the designated Executing Agency responsible for the delivery of the project outputs and the achievements of the project objectives The Project Implementation Unit (PIU): in charge of day-to-day project implementation and of ensuring that the project’s outputs are achieved as planned Thematic Working Groups (TWG): responsible for carrying out all technical activities of the project UNDP-Cambodia: provides support services to the project
3. Results and Achievements (1/3) Completed draft report on national GHG inventory for the year 2000 GHG Source and Sink Categories CO 2 EmissionsCO 2 RemovalsCH 4 N2ON2OTotal CO 2 eq Energy 2,050000 Agriculture 876921,186 Land Use Change & Forestry 0-15,312340-14,598 Waste 100210 Total 2,050-15,31291998,848 Draft only, do not quote.
3. Results and Achievements (2/3) Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment: Lowland rice producing provinces are vulnerable to climate change Key sectors being assessed agriculture, water resource, coastal zone, human health Community-based adaptation measures in agriculture and water resources are of high priority (NAPA)
3. Results and Achievements (3/3) GHG Mitigation Analysis: Activity under this component have not been initiated (pending to consultant recruitment) Some previous studies indicate that the sectors with the largest CDM potential in Cambodia are: Renewable energy (solar home-system, hydro, solar, wind, biomass) Energy efficiency (both on the demand and supply side) Waste management (CH 4 recovery from landfill, waste water, livestock husbandry and other sources) Afforestation and reforestation (carbon sink project) Small scale projects will be a high priority as it may be the most suitable for Cambodia
4. Lessons Learnt and Recommendations (1/2) The SNC project has provided continuity towards technical and institutional capacity building as well as awareness raising in the area of climate change Coordination and cooperation among concerned ministries is a prerequisite for successful SNC preparation. A proper inter-ministerial mechanism is required to serve as a framework for inter-ministerial cooperation and for mainstreaming climate change into relevant sectors Awareness raising and capacity building is crucial for climate change mainstreaming Outcomes of the vulnerability and adaptation assessment as well as GHG mitigation analysis can be used for developing projects to support GEF strategy implementation Consistent and clear planning processes within concerned ministries are required for successful integration of climate change
4. Lessons Learnt and Recommendations (2/2) There is a need to maintain and improve climate change technical and institutional capacity that has been supported by the project Education and awareness raising programmes should be promoted to improve understanding about and mainstreaming of climate change into relevant stakeholders There is a need to establish a user-friendly and efficient data management system for GHG inventory, GHG emission mitigation, and vulnerability and adaptation Additional support is required to conduct comprehensive studies/research to improve activity data and national emission factors, to analyse GHG mitigation potential of the country, to assess vulnerability and adaptation to climate change and to assess technology transfer for the country There is a need to develop a national climate change action plan for the country which should be supportive to the national development objectives and to the achievement of the UNFCCC objective.
5. Constraints and Challenges Availability, accessibility and reliability of national and sectoral data and lack of efficient data management system for preparing GHG inventories on a continuous basis Limited local staff capacity in conducting V&A assessment and mitigation analysis Limited previous studies/research on V&A Availability and accessibility of appropriate models for scenario development and analysis of mitigation options Limited budget for more comprehensive studies (both adaptation and mitigation) Perception of climate change as an environmental issue rather than a cross-sectoral, developmental issues.