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India: Government and Political Challenges Chapter 9 Section 2.

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Presentation on theme: "India: Government and Political Challenges Chapter 9 Section 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 India: Government and Political Challenges Chapter 9 Section 2

2 Indian Government Federal System: #1 –power divided between central gov’t and state gov’t –In India Federal gov’t more powerful than state gov’t

3 Indian Government World’s largest democracy Constitution (1950): –individual rights and social services Outlawed: Untouchability Healthcare Federal Union of States –28 states and 7 territories Parliamentary Democracy: #2 –Form of government in which power lies in the hands of the political party that wins the most seats in parliament –Prime Minister: leader of political party wins majority


5 Indian Government 3 Branches of Government #3 Parliament Two houses: #3 –Council of State: members are chosen by the state legislatures: Upper House – Rajya Sabha –House of the People: elected directly by the people – Lower House – Lok Sabha Council of Ministers – Cabinet – executive powers


7 Emblem of India Dr. Manmohan Singh Dr. Manmohan Singh Prime Minister 2004 INC President Pranab MUKHERJEE (since 22 July 2012

8 Political Parties Many political parties: federal and state level –To represent the interests of different caste, language, religious, or regional groups #4 INC: dominated for years – party of independence #5 BJP: Bharata Janata Party #5 –Stressed Hindu Traditions –Coalition of opposition to INC –Coalition: #6 If no party wins a majority of seats in parliament Government in which several parties join to rule - issues

9 Dividing Forces #7 Divisions: –Caste system –Cultural Diversity –Treatment of Sikhs and Separatism –Muslim-Hindu clashes –Modern nationality limited

10 Government Weakens the Caste System #8 Obstacle to ModernizationObstacle to Modernization Outlawed Untouchability - ConstitutionOutlawed Untouchability - Constitution –Discrimination illegal –Compensatory discrimination: quota system – to help Harijans/Dalit (p.207) Set aside openings for Untouchables –Government, public jobs, education –Still not fully accepted - Why? gap between law and traditiongap between law and tradition

11 Unifying Forces #9 Bonds: –Commitment to Democracy –Millions of Indians share a common faith –Hindu traditions create important ties for the majority of Indians –Strong leaders

12 What force both divides and unifies the people of India? #10 Religion

13 India’s Persecution of the Sikhs Punjab Operation Blue Star June 1984 was an Indian military operation, ordered by Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India, under the pretext of removing Sikh separatists from the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The activists, led by Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, were accused of amassing weapons in the Sikh temple.Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale

14 Indian Leaders

15 Nehru Family



18 First Prime minister of India (1947-1964) –Ally of Gandhi Goal: to create a modern industrialized secular nation #11 –casteless –Secular: without official religion –socialism Jawaharlal Nehru

19 Non-Alignment Movement

20  Nehru’s daughter.  Prime Minister of India, 1966-1984.  Continues Nehru’s policies.  Faced corruption charges & internal rebellion.  Assassinated in 1984 by Sikh assassin Indira Gandhi #11

21  Indira’s son.  Prime Minister of India, 1984-1989.  Liberalization of the Economy  Also faced rebellion.  Assassinated in 1991 while campaigning  Show Assassination Video Rajiv Gandhi #11

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