2 ’ Using Apostrophes There are two uses for apostrophes: 1. to form contractionsdid + not = didn’t2. to show possession or ownershipJean’s essay was good.
3 Using Apostrophes FORMING CONTRACTIONS I + am = I’m could + not = couldn’tREMEMBER: The apostrophe takes the place of the missing letter(s). Be sure to put it in the right location!Did’nt Didn’twrongright!
4 Using Apostrophes SHOWING POSSESSION: Singular the hat belonging to the girl = the girl’s hatthe coat belonging to the boy = the boy’s coatthe title belonging to the book = the book’s titleREMEMBER: You need to add both the apostrophe and the -s.
5 Using ApostrophesTip: Even when a singular noun already ends in -s, you must still add an apostrophe and an -s to form the possessive.The class’s test scores were high.Lewis’s essay was interesting.
6 Using Apostrophes SHOWING POSSESSION: Plural Form the possessive of plural nouns, including plural names, by adding just an apostrophe. No additional -s is needed after the apostrophe when the plural noun already ends in -s.The two computers’ monitors were different.The Clintons’ relationship is interesting.
7 Using ApostrophesTip: When a plural noun does not end in -s, you must add an apostrophe and -s to form the possessive.The children’s boots are covered with mud.Men’s fashions do not change as radically as women’s do.
8 Using ApostrophesHERE’S A COMMON MISTAKE! Don’t make a noun possessive when it really is just a plain old plural. The students’ did well. The students’ success was well deserved.plain old pluralXpossessive
9 Using ApostrophesHere’s another common mistake! Don’t mix up possessives and contractions.PossessiveContractiontheirsthere’s(= there is)whosewho’s(= who is)youryou’re(= you are)
10 Using ApostrophesHere’s an exception to the rule about forming possessives: Possessive pronouns do not use apostrophes.That is ours.That is yours.That is theirs.That is hers.That is his.
12 Using Apostrophes Many people confuse its and it’s. Remember that its, which means belonging to it, is like other possessive pronouns—it doesn’t take an apostrophe!The contraction it’s means it is. The apostrophe tells you that the letter i is missing.
13 Using ApostrophesThe bakery donates its leftover bread to a soup kitchen.It’s too late to register for that course now.Let’s Try Some!
14 Using Apostrophes A turtle hides it’s head and legs when its afraid. Incorrect!A turtle hides its head and legs when it’s afraid.Correct!
15 Using ApostrophesIts snowing, so the traffic department will send out it’s plows.Incorrect!It’s snowing, so the traffic department will send out its plows.Correct!
16 And that’s all there is to know about apostrophes. Easy, isn’t it? Using ApostrophesAnd that’s all there is to know about apostrophes. Easy, isn’t it?
17 Using ApostrophesTHE LESSONS END…oops, I meantTHE LESSON’S END!