2 General Information First 10 Amendments to the Constitution Ratified in 1791Essential component of LIMITED GOVERNMENT in the United States. (Takes power from the government and gives it to the people)Who would want a bill of rights added to the constitution?
3 The FIRST Amendment Protects 5 basic freedoms Freedom of RELIGION Freedom of SPEECHFreedom of the PRESSFreedom of ASSEMBLYFreedom to PETITION the government
4 The SECOND Amendment Guarantees the right to BEAR ARMS
5 The THIRD AmendmentThe National Government can never ask Americans to QUARTER soldiers
6 The FOURTH AmendmentProtects against unreasonable searches and seizures
7 The FIFTH Amendmentdeals with the rights of accused criminals by providing for due process of law, forbidding double jeopardy, and preventing self-incrimination. (right to remain silent)
8 The SIXTH AmendmentGuarantees additional rights to people accused of crimes, including the rights to:Be told the charges against youA speedy and public trial by a juryConfront your accusersCall witnesses in your behalfHave a lawyer
9 The SEVENTH AmendmentGuarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases
10 The EIGHTH AmendmentForbids “excessive” bail and “CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENTS”
11 The NINTH AmendmentRights not mentioned in the constitution belong to the people.
12 The TENTH AmendmentMaintains that powers not specifically given to the federal government are reserved for the states
13 Scenario – All order and no freedom. Imagine a society in which everything you do – from how you dress to what you eat to who you hang out with – is determined by the state. Police are everywhere, and there is essentially no crime. But individual expression does not exist.What are the chief advantages and disadvantages of this type of social arrangement?