Presentation on theme: "Political Ideologies Unit 1: Introduction to Government."— Presentation transcript:
Political Ideologies Unit 1: Introduction to Government
What is an Ideology? Political Ideology: A consistent set of values and beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of government. How far should a government go to maintain order ? provide public goods ? promote equality ?
The Scope of ISM’s POLITICAL THEORIES Totalitarianism Liberalism Libertarianism Anarchism More Gov’t Less Gov’t ECONOMIC THEORIES Communism Socialism Capitalism Laissez Faire POPULAR POLITICAL LABELS IN AMERICA Radical Liberal Conservative Reactionary
Political theory Totalitarianism: TOTAL control Unlimited power. Controls all parts of society: commerce, communications, business, labor, education, religion, sports, arts, etc. Laws, rules and regulations guide every aspect of an individual's behavior. For the “common good.” – Good of the state Communism as practiced tends towards totalitarianism
Economic theory: Marxism based Socialism Basic industries and means of production owned by govt. Common good Some private ownership Expansive social programs Communism All industry, production, property owned by govt. Equality All basic needs provided by govt.
Political theory: Libertarianism Opposes all government action except as necessary to protect life and property. Laissez Faire: No government intervention in economy and social order No government support of social programs. Should be given through charitable donations. i.e. Churches, community
Political theory: Anarchism Opposes government in any form…self-governed & voluntary Freedom of individual is valued above all else Cooperative economy and government system Considered more “radical left-wing”
In the U.S. - Government Liberalism More Gov’t Nationalized Education Social programs and spending Pro Environment Pro Public Transportation Opposed to gov’t regulation of abortion Wildlife protection Social programs Conservatism Less Gov’t Fewer Gov’t programs Against Regulation of Business Support gov’t control of sexually explicit material Smaller government budgets Fewer government programs Against government job programs
Contrasting these beliefs: Liberals want to promote equality with government power: More tolerant of alternative lifestyles Equal treatment of all individuals Ensure racial equality Equal access to disabled Conservatives want to maintain social order: Firm police action Severe punishment for criminals Laws regulating behavior Preserve traditional social relations Inconsistencies Conservatives oppose government activism, yet support laws against sexually explicit material? Liberals favor government activism, yet oppose government regulation of abortion?
Political parties Group of people that share common interests Organize to win elections, control govt., & influence govt. policies U.S.: 2 party system…2 major parties compete for power Democrats & Republicans Minor parties exist (Libertarians, Tea Party, Green, Constitution)
So, what’s the difference? Democrats Believes in using government to fix the problems of society Believes government should regulate business to protect the people Beliefs foster larger govt. Republicans Believes in small government “Hands off” when it comes to business Govt. should regulate social/moral issues