Causes of WWI - MANIA M ilitarism A lliances N ationalism I mperialism A ssassination
M ilitarism When a nation’s armed forces come to dominate a country’s national policy It is also a glorification of the military and war itself 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73%
A lliances Signed treaties in which each nation involved pledges to defend the other if attacked by an aggressor Basically, countries agreed to help each other
A lliances Germany Ottoman Empire France Great Britain Italy Russia Austria-Hungary Allies: Triple Alliance:
N ationalism Pride and patriotism in one’s nation In terms of WWI, nationalism became aggressive and subsequently (because of this) a major cause of international tension Independent nations desired dominance and prestige and as these powers tried to dominate each other in Europe, their rivalries may be regarded as one of the causes of the First World War
I mperialism Domination by one country over the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region Due to the Industrial Revolution of the 1800s, some European nations had a large portion of the world under their control
Imperialism and Colonial Rivalries After 1870, the European nations began to acquire colonies in Asia, Africa and the Pacific Colonial rivalry led to: –strained relations among the European powers. In Africa, all the European powers except Austria and Russia had colonies there. Thus there were many clashes among France, Britain, Germany and Italy. –the formation and strengthening of alliances and ententes. (indirectly) –an intensification of the arms race. –much hostility among the powers.
A ssassination The “spark” that started WWI On June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austria Hungarian Throne was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia
Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, 1914
Gavrilo Princip after his assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Point of No Return Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia. Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary. Russia pledged their support for Serbia.
Germany declares war on Russia France pledges their support for Russia Germany declares war on France Germany invades Belgium on the way to France Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany