Presentation on theme: "African Americans and the Civil War Chapter 11 Section 2"— Presentation transcript:
1 African Americans and the Civil War Chapter 11 Section 2
2 ObjectivesAnalyze why Lincoln decided to issue the Emancipation Proclamation and what it achieved.Assess the different roles that African Americans played in the Civil War.
3 EmancipationAs war progressed, abolitionist Frederick Douglass urged Lincoln to abolish slavery and allow African Americans to fight for the Union.
4 Lincoln was further pressured to address the issue of slavery because • Union troops did not know what to do with enslaved people who came under their control in conquered territories. (Union General Benjamin Butler declared the fugitives under his protection contraband.)• slavery was very unpopular among the Union’s European allies.
5 EmancipationLincoln didn’t have the constitutional authority to abolish slaveryHe could, however, pass military ordersThe Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in Confederate held territory
6 Antietam Lincoln needed a big victory to announce his plan The British were ready to recognize the Confederacy, but were waiting for a Confederate win on enemy soilMcClellan and Lee met at Antietam Creek in Maryland
7 The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single day in American history, over 25,000 casualties The Union won only a slight victory, but it was enough.
8 Massachusetts 54th Infantry Lincoln needed soldiers to supplement the draft.African Americans volunteered in droves.The 54th Mass. Was the first all African-American regiment in the war.
9 Prejudices faced by African American troops often assigned menial tasks and longest guard dutyfought three years to win equal paykilled if captured by Confederate troops
10 Enslaved people also contributed to the war effort by using various forms of resistance against the Confederacyrefusing to work for their southern ownersrunning away to Union camps and working for the Union, often serving as spies or scouts
11 ObjectivesAnalyze why Lincoln decided to issue the Emancipation Proclamation and what it achieved.Assess the different roles that African Americans played in the Civil War.11