Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 9 LESSON 2 : ROYAL POWER IN SPAIN AND THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 9 LESSON 2 : ROYAL POWER IN SPAIN AND THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE
2 SpainThe Christian Reconquista (re-conquest) attempts to drive out theMoors (Spanish Muslims)King Ferdinand of Aragon marries Queen Isabella of Castile; unification of these two powerfulCatholic monarchs provides enough strength to push out thelast Muslim stronghold in Granada onIberian Peninsula by the year1492
3 Religious toleration ends under their policy, “One monarchy, One law, One religion;” use of the Inquisition (Catholic Church courts to tryheretics) causing extreme cruelty toJews and Moors;Spanish economy declines when these educated ethnic groups are forced to leave theIberian Peninsula.
6 300 German/Italian states loosely headed by Holy Roman emperors, a title reserved for the descendants of the first king of German lands,Otto I;“holy” because ever since Otto the Great, German emperors have always been crowned by apope.
7 (Charlemagnewas the 1st unofficial Holy Roman Emperor because he too ruled German lands but the name, “Holy Roman Empire,” did not exist at the time he ruled as Emperor of the Romans)
8 Frederick Barbarossa (the Red Beard) attempts to secure an empire that includeswealthy northernItalian citiesbut the pope and these Italian cities join together in an alliance called theLombard League to successfully defeat the emperor"When the ravens cease to fly round the mountain," said the legend, "Barbarossa shall awake and restore Germany to its ancient greatness."
9 Frederick II continues to pursue ambitions in Italy while German feudal princes gain support against the emperor from the German middle class calledburghers (from the German word“burg” meaning “town”).
10 Unlike England, France, and Spain, whose royal power continued to grow, the H.R.E. would not unify for another600 years when the country ofGermany is established in1871.