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Published byMarjory Barnett Modified over 5 years ago

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**Mass and Weight This is the amount of matter. (Kg)**

This is the force of gravity pulling on the mass. (N) * less on the moon , zero in deep space. There is a very, small force of attraction between an apple and an orange. * too small to measure!

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Weight vs. Mass Earth’s Gravitational Field Strength is 10N/kg. In other words, a 1kg mass is pulled downwards by a force of 10N. W g M Weight = Mass x Gravitational Field Strength (in N) (in kg) (in N/kg) What is the weight on Earth of a book with mass 2kg? What is the weight on Earth of an apple with mass 100g? Dave weighs 700N. What is his mass? On the moon the gravitational field strength is 1.6N/kg. What will Dave weigh if he stands on the moon?

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration Object in air

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration Object in air

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration ( …….. m/s/s) Object in air acceln = gradient

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration ( …….. m/s/s) Object in air acceln = gradient

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration (10 m/s/s) Object in air

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**Forces on falling objects**

1. Object falling freely Forces Acting Motion the force of gravity (weight) Uniform acceleration (10 m/s/s) If a 1kg mass is released above the ground * the force of gravity on it is 10N * its acceleration is force = 10N =10m/s/s mass Kg

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**2. Object falling through a fluid**

Forces Acting Motion force of gravity (weight) * initial acceleration (10 m/s/s) * Object in air

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**2. Object falling through a fluid**

Forces Acting Motion force of gravity (weight) * initial acceleration (10 m/s/s) * decreasing acceleration to zero * terminal velocity Drag force (air resistance) Buoyancy (upthrust) Object in air

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**2. Object falling through a fluid**

Forces Acting Motion force of gravity (weight) * initial acceleration (10 m/s/s) * decreasing acceleration to zero * terminal velocity Drag force (air resistance) Buoyancy (upthrust) Object in air

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**Terminal Velocity Consider a skydiver:**

At the start of his jump the air resistance is _______ so he _______ downwards.

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**Terminal Velocity Consider a skydiver:**

At the start of his jump the air resistance is _______ so he _______ downwards. 2) As his speed increases his air resistance will _______

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**Terminal Velocity Consider a skydiver:**

At the start of his jump the air resistance is _______ so he _______ downwards. 2) As his speed increases his air resistance will _______ 3) Eventually the air resistance will be big enough to _______ the skydiver’s weight. At this point the forces are balanced so his speed becomes ________ - this is called TERMINAL VELOCITY

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**Terminal Velocity Consider a skydiver:**

4) When he opens his parachute the air resistance suddenly ________, causing him to start _____ ____. 5) Because he is slowing down his air resistance will _______ again until it balances his _________. The skydiver has now reached a new, lower ________ _______.

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**Velocity-time graph for terminal velocity…**

Parachute opens – diver slows down Velocity Speed increases… Terminal velocity reached… On the Moon Diver hits the ground New, lower terminal velocity reached Time

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less than equal to equal to

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