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Chapter 17 Notes #1-15 Enlightenment and Revolution
1. What was the Enlightenment? A time when the use of reason guided people’s thoughts about philosophy, society, and politics.
2. How did the Enlightenment both build on and conflict with Christianity? Used ideas of Christian thinkers, such as Thomas Aquinas Basically a secular, non religious, movement
3. Who was Voltaire? Mocked gov’t and religion Wrote Candide Freedom of speech Separation of Church and State
4. How did Enlightenment thinkers spread ideas? Met at salons Published ideas in books, pamphlets, and newspapers
5. What three Enlightenment thinkers contributed to the creation of modern democracy? Locke Montesquieu Rousseau
6. Who was John Locke? Wrote Two Treaties on Government Gov’t power is limited Natural Rights ▫Life ▫Liberty ▫Property
7. Who was Montesquieu? Wrote The Spirit of the Laws Separation of Powers ▫Separate branches of gov’t share power
8. Who was Rousseau? Criticized divine right Popular Soveriegnty ▫Gov’t serves the people Wrote The Social Contract
9. What two colonial leaders in North America used Enlightenment ideas to change their society? Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson
10. What was the English Bill of Rights? Listed rights of Parliament and the English people Influenced by Magna Carta ▫Limited king’s power
11. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
12. Under the U.S. Constitution, how is power separated into three branches? Legislative ▫(Congress) ▫Makes Laws Executive ▫(President) ▫Enforces Laws Judicial ▫(Courts) ▫Interprets Laws
13. What were the three groups in French society? First Estate ▫Clergy Second Estate ▫Nobles Third Estate ▫Peasants ▫Craftworkers ▫Shopkeepers
14. In France, the Third Estate formed the National Assembly and wrote what? The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
15. What was the Reign of Terror in France? Robespierre executed thousands of people who questioned the government with the guillotine
Set up for Cornell Notes
ROOTS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. We will compare and contrast (purposes, sources of power) various forms of government in the world (e.g., monarchy, democracy,
The Enlightenment Transition from the Scientific Revolution to new ideas in Philosophy, Art, Economics,& Government.
Table of Contents Page 1 – Table of Contents/Warm-ups Page 2 – Events of the French Rev. Part 1 notes Page 3 – Events of the French Rev. Part 2 notes.
Common Assessment Study Guide Mid-Term Qtr.1. Monotheism’s Influence on Democracy The duty of the individual and the community to combat oppression The.
Main Idea: Enlightenment ideas helped to bring about the American and French Revolutions. These revolutions and the documents they produced have inspired.
The Enlightenment “Dare to Know”
The Age of Reason or The Age of Rationalism
Key Vocabulary Enlightenment: a period during the 1600s and 1700s in which educated Europeans changed their outlook on life by seeing reason as the key.
Chapter 17 – Enlightenment and Revolution
The Enlightenment and the English and American Revolutions
134 The Enlightenment & Age of Revolution ISN pg 134 Unit 10 coverpage: The Enlightenment & Age of Revolution 136The Enlightenment ISN pg 136: The Enlightenment.
When people used reason to make their lives better. Change government.
The Enlightenment During the 1600s and 1700s, belief in the power of reason grew. Writers of the time sought to reform government and bring about a more.
Foundations of American Government: Political Philosophers.
Warm-up: Write your answer to this question: Do you think that people are mostly good with some bad tendencies or inherently bad/greedy? Do you think that.
Leaders of the Age of Reason Mr. Ornstein Willow Canyon High School.
Enlightenment or the Age of Reason A new intellectual movement that stressed reason, thought, and the power of the individual to solve problems.
Standard Compare the major ideas of philosophers and their effect on the democratic revolutions in England, America & France.
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