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State SOL History Review USII.4e-USII.6d 1. What are the negative effects of industrialization? Child labor Low wages, long hours Unsafe working conditions.

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Presentation on theme: "State SOL History Review USII.4e-USII.6d 1. What are the negative effects of industrialization? Child labor Low wages, long hours Unsafe working conditions."— Presentation transcript:


2 State SOL History Review USII.4e-USII.6d

3 1. What are the negative effects of industrialization? Child labor Low wages, long hours Unsafe working conditions

4 2. What major labor union was formed? American Federation of Labor— supported/fought for higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions

5 2. What important strike took place? Homestead Strike - violent strike that ended with non-union workers accepting lower wages

6 3. What were the Progressive Movement workplace reforms? Improved safety conditions Reduced work hours Restrictions on child labor

7 4. What opportunities did women gain during women’s suffrage? Increased educational opportunities – women could further their education towards careers Attained voting rights

8 4. What amendment gave women these rights? The Nineteenth (19 th ) Amendment

9 4.Who worked for women’s suffrage? Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton

10 5. The Temperance Movement Composed of groups opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol- called attention to the EVILS of Alcohol Supported which amendment? The Eighteenth (18 th ) Amendment

11 5. What did the 18 th amendment do? Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcohol.

12 6. What were the causes for the Spanish American War? Protection of American business interests in Cuba American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain Rising tensions as a result of the sinking of the USS Maine Exaggerated news reports (Yellow Journalism)

13 7. What were the results of the Spanish American war? The USA emerged as a world power Cuba gained independence from Spain US gained possession of Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico

14 8. Theodore Roosevelt expanded the Monroe Doctrine as a way to prevent European involvement in the affairs of Caribbean and South American countries.

15 9. Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policies and their impact on the United States included the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine which states: a. Asserted the United States’ right to interfere in economic matters of nations in the Americas.

16 9. (continued) b. Claimed the United States’ right to exercise police power (use of military). c. Advocated the “Big Stick” Diplomacy (building of the Panama Canal).

17 10. Give 4 reasons the USA got involved in WWI. Inability to remain neutral German submarine warfare— sinking of the Lusitania US economic and political ties to Great Britain The Zimmerman Telegram

18 11. Who were the WWI Allies? Great Britain Serbia France Belgium Russia * USA

19 11. Who were the Central Powers during WWI? Germany Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Ottoman Empire (also known as Turkey)

20 12. At the end of WWI, President Woodrow Wilson prepared a peace plan that called the Fourteen Points that called for the formation of the League of Nations – a peace-keeping organization

21 13. Which country did NOT join the League of Nations? The United States

22 14. Why didn’t the above country join the League of Nations? Because the United States Senate failed to ratify the Treaty.

23 15. List 4 results of improved transportation brought by affordable automobiles: Greater mobility Creation of jobs Movement to suburban areas Growth of transportation related industries (oil, steel, road construction)

24 16. Why are the Wright Brothers well known? Invention of the Airplane

25 17. Who was known for the use of the assembly line and the rise of mechanization? Henry Ford

26 18. List 3 communication changes. Increased availability of telephones Development of movies Development of radio (Marconi) and the broadcast industry (Sarnoff)

27 19. List 4 ways electrification changed American life. Labor saving products (electric stove, water pump, washing machine) Electric lighting Entertainment (radio) Improved communication

28 20. What is Prohibition? Prohibition made it illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages

29 21. What amendment did Prohibition uphold? The 18 th Amendment What Amendment repealed it? The 21 st Amendment

30 22. What are speakeasies? Places for people to drink illegal alcoholic beverages

31 23. What (Who) are bootleggers? They smuggled illegal alcohol and promoted organized crime.

32 24. List 4 facts about the Great Migration. Jobs for African Americans in the South were scarce and low paying. African Americans faced discrimination and violence in the South.

33 24. List 4 facts about the Great Migration (continued) African Americans moved to northern and mid-western cities for employment opportunities (jobs) African Americans also faced discrimination and violence in the North and Midwest.

34 25. Georgia O’Keeffe Art—artist known for urban and later southwest scenes

35 25. F. Scott Fitzgerald Literature —novelist who wrote about the Jazz Age of the 1920’s

36 25. John Steinbeck Literature —novelist who wrote about poor migrant family problems during the 1930’s and the Great Depression

37 25. Aaron Copland Music: American composer who wrote uniquely American music in the 1920’s & 1930’s.

38 25. George Gershwin Music: American composer who wrote uniquely American music in the 1920’s and 1930’s.

39 25. Jacob Lawrence Art: African American painter who chronicled the Great Migration through art

40 25. Langston Hughes Literature: African American poet who combined African and American cultural roots

41 25. Duke Ellington Music: Blues and Jazz composer

42 25. Louis Armstrong Music: Blues and Jazz composer

43 25. Bessie Smith Music: Blues and Jazz singer

44 26. List the causes of the Great Depression. People overspeculated on stocks using borrowed money they couldn’t repay when stock prices crashed The Federal Reserve failed to prevent the collapse of the banking system High tariffs strangled international trade

45 27. List 4 ways the Great Depression impacted Americans A large number of banks and businesses failed ¼ or 25% of workers were without jobs Large numbers of people were hungry and homeless Farmers’ incomes fell to low levels

46 28. List 5 major features of the New Deal (initiated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt) Social Security Federal Work Programs Environmental Improvement Plans Farms Assistance Programs Increased Rights for Labor

47 First Nine Weeks SOL’s on the Second Nine Weeks Test USII.3c-USII.3d

48 USII.3c “Jim Crow” 1. Discrimination against African Americans continued after: Reconstruction

49 2. What is racial segregation? Based on race Directed primarily against African Americans, but other groups also kept segregated

50 2. (continued) Also, American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924.

51 3. Why were “Jim Crow” laws passed? To discriminate against African Americans. Although these laws were legal in many communities, they were enforced primarily in the Southeast region.

52 4. “Jim Crow “ laws were characterized by unequal opportunities in: Housing Work Education Government

53 5. African American responses included: Booker T. Washington believed equality could be achieved through vocational education, and accepted social separation

54 5. Continued… W.E.B. Dubois believed in full political, civil, social rights for African Americans

55 6. Between the Civil War and WWI, the US was transformed from an agricultural to an industrial nation.

56 7. List 4 reasons for the rise and prosperity of big business. National markets created by transportation advances. Captains of Industry John D. Rockefeller—oil Andrew Carnegie—steel Henry Ford—automobile Cornelius Vanderbilt– shipping and railroads

57 7. (con’t) List 4 reasons for the rise and prosperity of big business. Advertising Lower-cost production

58 8. List 4 factors resulting in the growth of industry. Access to raw materials and energy Availability of work force due to immigration Inventions Financial resources provided by the Captains of Industry

59 9. What is the BEST title for the following list? _______________________ railroad oil steel Examples of Big Business

60 10. What are 3 postwar changes in farm and city life? Mechanization (the reaper )— reduced farm labor needs and increased production Industrial development in cities increased labor needs. Industrialization provided access to consumer goods such as mail order

61 Write the region for each of the following:

62 11. Meatpacking The Midwest

63 12. New York The Northeast

64 13. Automobile Midwest

65 14. Jim Crow Southeast

66 15. San Francisco Pacific

67 16. Textile Industry Northeast

68 17. Denver Western/ Rocky Mountain

69 18. Harlem Renaissance Northeast

70 19. Atlanta Southeast

71 20. Great Plains Midwest

72 21. Ellis Island Northeast

73 22. Hull House Midwest

74 23. Steel Industry Northeast

75 24. Homestead Strike Northeast

76 25. New Orleans Southeast

77 26. Juneau Non-contiguous

78 27. New England Northeast

79 28. Boston Northeast

80 29. Pittsburgh Northeast

81 30. Detroit Midwest

82 31. Santa Fe Southwest

83 32. Salt Lake City Western/Rocky Mountains

84 33. Los Angeles Pacific

85 34. Honolulu Non-contiguous

86 35. Philadelphia Northeast

87 36. Angel Island Pacific

88 37. Washington D.C. Southeast

89 38. St. Louis Midwest

90 39. San Antonio Southwest

91 40. Seattle Pacific

92 41. Chicago Midwest

93 42. Nebraska Midwest

94 43. Ohio Midwest

95 44. Maine Northeast

96 45. Florida Southeast

97 46. North Dakota Midwest

98 47. Oklahoma Southwest

99 48. Suffolk, Virginia Southeast

100 Congratulations! Get your parents to sign the study guide! Study hard so you can make a good grade and make your parents smile!

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