Presentation on theme: "Objective: To examine the mid-19th century abolitionist movement."— Presentation transcript:
1 Objective: To examine the mid-19th century abolitionist movement. Abolitionists – people who wanted to end slavery in the U.S.
2 Frederick Douglass· Douglass taught himself how to read as a child before escaping slavery.· He lectured against slavery throughout the U.S. and Great Britain.
3 · Douglass also started the anti-slavery newspaper The North Star.
4 Angelina and Sarah Grimké · The Grimké sisters were daughters of a wealthy Southern slaveholder.· They gave lectures throughout the U.S. on the evils of slavery.
5 Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852 Very influential (important) bookTells the north about the inhumanity of slavery- increases abolition movementWritten by Harriet Beecher StoweIn response the Fugitive Slave ActLincoln calls it the book that starts the war
6 Underground Railroad – secret network of people who helped runaway slaves to reach freedom in the North or Canada
7 · Harriet Tubman lead over 300 slaves to freedom.
8 Harriet Tubman Quotations: “I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other.”“I had crossed the line. I was free; but there was no one to welcome me to the land of freedom. I was a stranger in a strange land.”“Quakers almost as good as colored.... They call themselves friends and you can trust them every time.”
9 William Lloyd Garrison · Garrison was a white abolitionist who started the anti-slavery newspaper the Liberator.· Garrison also started the New England Anti-Slavery Society.
10 In the very first issue of his anti-slavery newspaper, the Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison stated, "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation I am in earnest -- I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- AND I WILL BE HEARD."
11 “I am determined at every hazard to lift up the standard of emancipation in the eyes of the nation till every chain be broken and every bondman set free! Let southern oppressorstremble; let their secret abettors tremble; let their northern apologists tremble; let all the enemies of the persecuted blacks tremble I will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice. On this subject, I don’t wish to think, or speak, or write with moderation. No! No! Tell a man whose house is on fire to give a moderate alarm But urge me not to use moderation in a cause like the present. I am in earnest; I will not equivocate; I will not excuse; I will not retreat a single inch – AND I WILL BEHEARD.”----- William Lloyd Garrison, The Liberator, January 1, 1831
12 Underground Railroad Heritage Trail Sites in New York State “Save Us John Parker” dramatizes a family’s escape and rescue from slavery by John Parker, documented in his biography, His Promised Land. (video – 7:54; scroll down for video)Underground Railroad Heritage Trail Sites in New York StateThe John Parker House in Ripley, Ohio.
13 Part-Hammat Billings for Chapter 6, Uncle page illustration by Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
14 William B. Trotter, A History and Defense of African Slavery (1861), 64.