6 The British and French controlled the largest empire.
7 By the 1950’s, the Europeans had lost the will and financial resources to hold onto their colonies. They set withdrawal dates and just “left” without much thought given to the infrastructure they left behind.Landlocked countries
8 The borders of the countries of Africa have created several major problems that can be attributed to the Geography of the current borders.Colonialism destroyed many of Africa’s indigenous ruling bodies, and their cultural traditions.Ethnicity (tribes)ReligionLanguagesResourcesTransportationBorders
9 Even if landlocked countries have river access to the ocean, all of Africa’s major rivers have waterfalls and rapids that prohibit large ship traffic.
10 Conflicts since the 1990’s. Rwanda Civil War in Ethiopia (won by Eritreans)Civil War in LiberiaCivil War in Sierra LeoneEthnic conflict in Kenya (recently)Civil War in UgandaRwandaCivil War in Congo (ongoing)Sudan (Southern Sudan and Darfur)Collapse of the government in Somalia
11 If so much conflict is caused by the borders left behind by the Europeans, why can’t the countries work together to “re-draw” those boundaries?In most cases, the people and groups in power now don’t want to risk losing that power or the possibility of widespread chaos.
15 Many of the issues of Africa today are still laid at the footprint of European Colonialism, which ended in the 1960’s.Is there a “statute of limitations” on blame?What does the future hold for the countries of Africa?