Presentation on theme: "Environmental Management System Definitions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Environmental Management System Definitions IntroductionEnvironmental Management SystemDefinitions
2 What Is an Environmental Management System (EMS)? EMS is the combination of people, laws, legislations, policies, procedures, reviews, and plans to help address environmental issues.EMS is that part of an overall management system which includes:Organizational structure and responsibilities,Policies and legislationspractices,Procedures,Resources,Planning activities,Awareness
3 Purpose of EMSEMS brings together people, laws, policies, plans, review mechanisms, and procedures in order to improve and protect the environment
4 Benefits of an EMS Helps maintain compliance Integrate environmental programsReduce environmental impacts
5 The EMS Plan, Do, Check, Act Cycle EnvironmentalLegal and InstitutionalFrameworkManagementReviewContinuousImprovementChecking/Corrective ActionsMeasurement and MonitoringEMS Nonconformance and Corrective ActionsRecordsEMS AuditsPlanningEnvironmental AspectsComplianceObjectives and TargetsEnvironmental Mgmt. ProgramsImplementationRoles and ResponsibilitiesTraining and CommunicationEMS Document ControlEmergency Preparedness and Response
7 Types of law The Constitution Specialized Laws Bylaws Principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or of custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision.BylawsThe rules and regulations enacted by an association to provide a framework for its operation and management.
8 The law making process Drafting the law from the relevant ministry e.g. Ministry of Environment, Water AuthorityFirst reading at the legislative councilIntroducing a billSecond reading (general debate)Committee Stage (detailed discussions)Report Stage (Report of committee, amendment)Third reading (vote on amendments)Legislative council approvalPresidential Decree
9 The objectives of the Environmental law Protection of the environment against all forms and types of pollution;Protection of Public health and welfare;Insertion of the bases of environmental protection in social and economic development plans; and encouragement of sustainable development of vital resources in a manner that preserves the rights of future generations;Protection of bio-diversity and environmentally sensitive areas, as well as improvement of environmentally harmed areas;Encouragement of collection and publication of environment-related information to raise public awareness of environmental problems.
10 Environmental Policies Environmental policies are rules or guidelines developed by governments to regulate behavior of individuals, corporations, and government agencies.
11 Six steps to making environmental policy 1Identify ProblemsRequires curiosity, observation, awareness
12 Six steps to making environmental policy Identify Specific causes of the Problems2Involves scientific research andRisk assessment = judging risks a problem poses to health or the environment
13 Six steps to making environmental policy 3Get OrganizedOrganizations are more effective than individualsBut a motivated, informed individual can also succeed
14 Six steps to making environmental policy 4Set GoalsRisk management = developing strategies to minimize riskInvolves social or political action
15 Six steps to making environmental policy 5Cultivate access and influenceLobbyingPolitical SupportPublic acceptance
16 Six steps to making environmental policy 6Manage Development policyPrepare a draft policy, containing solutionsFollowing a law’s endorsementAdministrative agencies implement regulationsPolicymakers evaluate the policy’s successes or failuresThe judicial branch interprets the law
17 Policy, Law, Bylaw ?A policy is typically described as a principle or rule to guide decisionsA Policy can be considered as a "Statement of Intent" or a "Commitment".The term may apply to government, private sector organizations and groups, and individuals.Policy differs from law. While law can compel or prohibit behaviors, policy merely guides actions toward those that are most likely to achieve a desired outcome.Bylaw can refer to a law of local or limited application, passed under the authority of a higher law specifying what things may be regulated, or it can refer to the internal rules of a company or organization.
18 International lawInternational law arises from conventions or treaties agreed to among nations.(e.g., Montreal Protocol to protect ozone layer)International law serve as the principal framework for international co-operation and collaboration between members of the international community in their efforts to protect the local, regional and global environment.