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The Struggle of Power in England and France

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Presentation on theme: "The Struggle of Power in England and France"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Struggle of Power in England and France
Anglo-Saxon and Norman England

2 Anglo-Saxon England Germanic Invaders Angles + Saxons = Anglo-Saxons

3 Three Kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxons
Northumbia - Northern England (today Southern Scotland) Mercia - Central England Wessex - Southern England Kingdoms were divided into governmental districts called shires.

4 Alfred the Great Defeats the Danes (Vikings)
886 - Peace Treaty allowed the Danes to live in parts of Mercia and Northumbria

5 Danish Rule 900s - Alfred’s successors Won land back
Strengthened the country Unified the country Spread Christianity

6 Danish Rule 1016 - King Canute of Denmark took the throne
Ruled a combined kingdom with Scandinavia Wise ruler Danish line of kings died out

7 Edward the Confessor Chosen by the Anglo-Saxon nobles
Edward was part (Anglo-Saxon) and part (Norman) His death in 1066 changes the relationship between France and England

8 Norman Conquest 1066 - Edward the Confessor dies
Duke William of Normandy named his successor Anglo-Saxons recognize Harold of Wessex as heir to throne Battle of Hastings - William defeats Harold 1066(Dec) - William I of England

9 William I Accomplishments Brought Norman laws and customs
Brought feudalism Reorganized the economy (Doomsday Book) Created a centralized government and strong monarchy

10 Henry I Created the department of exchequer (treasury)
Created a more efficient central government Sent traveling judges to try cases

11 Henry II Created his own army Created a circuit of judges
Used trial by jury for civil and criminal courts

12 John I Signed and accepted the Magna Carta
Magna Carta made law the supreme power in England

13 Magna Carta Protected the liberties of nobles
Outlined the rights of ordinary citizens Taxes could only be collect by consent of Great Council King could not take property without paying for it King could not refuse, delay or sell justice Allowed trial by jury

14 Development of Parliament
Formed as a result of a revolt of nobles against King Henry III Led by Simon de Montfort He wanted the nobles and middle class to work together in opposition to the king House of Lords = Nobles and Clergy House of Commons = knights and burgesses

15 Common Law Common Law = court decisions + customs
Court of Exchequer = tried tax cases and finances Court of Common Pleas = heard cases between ordinary citizens Court of the Kings Bench = trials that concerned the king or government

16 Rise of the Capetian Kings
Hugh Capet

17 Increase Royal Territory
Marriages to increase land holdings Took over land of the deceased Conquered territory King Philip II seized Normandy and Maine

18 Strengthened Central Government
Appointed trained officials to run government Extended jurisdiction of the royal courts Created the Estates General – represented the 3 major social classes Increased power over church by taxing the clergy

19 Philip II Increased the size of France by seizing English landholdings

20 Philip IV Strengthened the central government
Improved the legal system Increased revenue by taxing the church Created the Estates General

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