Presentation on theme: "Sentences: Types and Styles Please prepare to take notes. You will need them in order to complete the activity today."— Presentation transcript:
Sentences: Types and Styles Please prepare to take notes. You will need them in order to complete the activity today.
Lesson Goals By the end of this lesson, you should be able to: Identify sentence styles and types. Write simple sentences and independent clauses. Convert simple sentences and independent clauses into compound sentences and complex sentences. Identify dependent clauses, independent clauses, conjunctions, and dependent marker words within sentences. Identify, discuss, and write your own declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences.
Complete a KWL+ Chart: K What I Know about Sentence Types and Styles W What I Want to Know about Sentence Types and Styles L What I Learned about Sentence Types and Styles + What I Still have Questions About Terms to Include and Explain in your KWL+ Chart: simple sentences compound sentences complex sentences independent clauses dependent clauses clausesdependent marker word declarative sentences conjunctions
Sentence Styles In order for your writing to be interesting, you will need to vary the styles of sentences that you use. If your writing only contains simple sentences, your writing will be very choppy. SAMPLE (simple) SENTENCES: I like Mr. Fuaquata. He is my English teacher. He teaches me reading and writing.
Varying Sentence Styles 1. Simple sentences: Mr. Fuaquata enjoys teaching writing. 2. Compound sentences: Mr. Fuaquata enjoys teaching writing, and he wants his students to succeed. 3. Complex sentences: Mr. Fuaquata, a teacher at Mater Academy, enjoys teaching writing.
Clauses Sentence styles (simple, compound, and complex) vary based on the number of clauses found within the sentence. There are three types of clauses: 1.Independent Clauses 2.Dependent Clauses 3.Santa Clauses
Clauses 1: Independent An Independent Clause: is a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate. It expresses a complete thought. We’ll be right back. An independent clause is a complete sentence known as a “simple sentence.”
Clauses 2: Dependent A Dependent Clause: is a group of words that may contain a subject and a predicate, but does not express a complete thought and is therefore, not a complete sentence. These are also known as sentence fragments or incomplete sentences. Often, a dependent clause is marked by a dependent marker word. After this quick commercial break.
Dependent Marker Words A dependent marker word is a word added to the beginning of an independent clause that makes it into a dependent clause. Some common dependent marker words are: after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, in order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever, when, whenever, whether, and while. After this quick commercial break, we’ll be right back.
Sentence Style Type # 1: Simple Sentences SIMPLE SENTENES Contain only 1 independent clause Mr. Fuaquata enjoys teaching writing.
Sentence Style Type # 2: Compound Sentences COMPOUND SENTENCES join 2+ Independent clauses (simple sentences). Compound sentences express more than one complete thought and use a conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so) to do so. becomes: Mr. Fuaquata enjoys teaching writing. Mr. Fuaquata wants his students to succeed. Mr. Fuaquata enjoys teaching writing, and he wants his students to succeed.
Sentence Style Type # 3: Complex Sentences COMPLEX SENTENCES join 1+ dependent clauses to the independent clause. It contains a clause that is not a complete sentence. That is why it is called a "dependent" clause. It depends on the rest of the sentence. Mr. Fuaquata, a teacher at Mater Academy, enjoys teaching writing. Complex sentences are useful when your writing includes some ideas that are more important than others.
DIY: Identify Sentence Styles and Parts Mini-test 1.Write a simple sentence about Christmas. 2.Convert the simple sentence into a compound sentence and identify the conjunction being used. 3.Convert the simple sentence into a complex sentence. 4.Identify the dependent and independent clauses in all three sentences.