Bicameral legislature: having 2 houses in Congress The Legislative Branch: The US Congress
Representatives must: Be at least 25 years old. Be a U.S. citizen for the past 7 years. Live in the state they represent The House of Representatives The HOR is based on the number of people living in a state. Each state is guaranteed 1 member. Each representative represents an area known as a congressional district. There are 435 members in the US House of Representatives.
Special House Powers The House has special jobs that only it can do. It can: Start laws that make people pay taxes. Decide if a government official should be put on trial before the Senate if s/he commits a crime against the country.
The Senate Senators must: Be at least 30 years old. Be a U.S. citizen for the past 9 years. Live in the state they represent Each state has 2 members in the US Senate. That means that all states are equal. A Senator’s term is 6 years.
Special Senate Powers The Senate has special jobs that only it can do. It can: Say yes or no to any treaties the president makes. Say yes or no to any people the president recommends for jobs, such as cabinet officers, Supreme Court justices, and ambassadors. Can hold a trial for a government official who does something very wrong.
National vs. State Government Federalism: The idea that both the state & national government have powers. http://bensguide.gpo.gov/9-12/government/federalism.html
Exclusive Powers of the National Government and State Governments Reserved Powers = State Expressed or Enumerated Powers = National http://bensguide.gpo.gov/9-12/government/federalism2.html
Shared or Concurrent Powers Collect taxes Build roads Borrow money Establish courts Make and enforce laws Charter banks and corporations Spend money for the general welfare Take private property for public purposes, with just compensation
Powers Denied to the National Government and State Governments = Limited Government Grant titles of nobility Permit slavery (13th Amendment) Deny citizens the right to vote due to race, color, or previous servitude (15th Amendment) Deny citizens the right to vote because of gender (19th Amendment http://bensguide.gpo.gov/9-12/government/federalism3.html
Role on the Job Trustee – the people ‘trust’ that the official will vote in the constituent’s best interests Partisan – the official acts as a member of his/her political party and votes with the party Politico – the official votes partially as a ‘trustee’ and partially as a ‘partisan’ to COMPROMISE and get work done
Salary as of 2012 President Pro-tempore: $223,500 ?? Regular Senator: $174,000 Majority/Minority leaders: $193,400 Speaker of the House: $223,500 Regular Representative: $174,000 Majority/Minority leaders: $193,400
Non Salary Benefits & Privileges Franking Privilege, tax break on maintaining 2 homes Medical care, office space, retirement plan, gyms, travel allowance