Presentation on theme: "Capitalizing and Punctuating Sentences Mrs. Susan DeGraw English Language Arts."— Presentation transcript:
Capitalizing and Punctuating Sentences Mrs. Susan DeGraw English Language Arts
Rules to Follow for Capitalizing and Punctuating Sentences Use a capital letter to begin the first word of every sentence. We started the trip on Monday. Use a period (.) at the end of a declarative or an imperative sentence. The road map is accurate. Turn left at the intersection. Use a question mark (?) at the end of an interrogative sentence. Did you see the mansion? Use an exclamation mark (!) at the end of an exclamatory sentence. How tall the pillars are!
Use a comma: to set off words and phrases such as yes, no, well, of course, and for example from the rest of the sentence. to set off words and phrases such as yes, no, well, of course, and for example from the rest of the sentence. Yes, we took a long tour. We stayed several days, of course. to set off the name of a person spoken to directly. to set off the name of a person spoken to directly. Ray, stop at that restaurant. Wait for me, Karen. Ray, stop at that restaurant. Wait for me, Karen. before the conjunctions and, but, and or in a compound sentence. before the conjunctions and, but, and or in a compound sentence. They like shrimp, but I prefer clams. to separate words or phrases in a series of three or more. to separate words or phrases in a series of three or more. Boston, Lexington, and Concord are on the map.
Directions: Add correct capitalization and end punctuation to each sentence. Then add commas where they are needed. 1.is that Old North Church Mother 2.what narrow streets these are 3.yes they were once cow paths 4.look down that lane Karen 5.we stopped for lunch but Ray is still hungry 6.how beautiful the Esplanade is 7.yes that is Charles River Bay 8.are we staying Monday Tuesday and Wednesday 9.the concert is tonight and the weather is excellent 10.of course we brought a picnic supper
Commas, Colons and Semicolons Use a comma (,) to separate the name of the day from the date and the date from the year. Use a comma after the year when it appears with the date in the middle of a sentence. On Saturday, August 23, 1986, my parents and I leave on a tour. Use a comma (,) to separate the name of a city and state or a city and country. Use a comma (,) after the name of a state or country when it appears after the city in the middle of a sentence. Our flight goes from Chicago, Illinois, to London, England. Use a comma (,) before too.Uncle John will fly there, too. Use a colon (:) between the hour and the minute when you write the time. Use a period after each letter of the abbreviations A.M. and P.M. Use a colon (:) to show that a list of items will follow in a sentence. We arrive in London at 11:00 A.M. The following places are on our first bus tour: the Tower of London, Westminster Palace, Whitehall, and Hyde Park. Use a semicolon (;) to separate the parts of a compound sentence if they are not joined by and, or, or but. London has a large population; people from all over the world live there.
Using Commas, Colons, and Semicolons Directions: Add punctuation marks where they are needed in the following sentences. 1.Sunday September 7 1986 was an important date. 2.We arrived in Paris France on that day. 3.Our plane landed at 2 00 P M 4.We enjoyed a city tour and saw the following sights the Eiffel Tower the Seine the Cathedral of Notre Dame and the Louvre. 5.I love traveling my parents do too.