2 Plurals of countable nouns: Nouns + S:Bananas, cats, dogs, books, pupils etc.Nouns ending in –s, -ss, sh, ch, x:Bus-buses, dress – dresses, hairbrush – hairbrushes, watch – watches, box –boxesNouns ending in –O:Potato – potatoes, tomato – tomatoesBUT:Radio – radios, piano – pianos, photo – photos, video – videos, disco – discos
3 Nouns ending in -Y “y”меняется на “i” Согласные + y =ies Baby – babies, a lady – ladies, a cherry – cherries(гласные:a,e,o,u)+y =ysPlay – plays, key - keys
4 Nouns ending in – f / fe f / fe меняются на ves Leaf – leaves, scarf – scarves, wife – wives,Knife – knives, thief – thievesBUT:Chief – chiefs, handkerchief –handkerchiefs,Roof – roofs, proof – proofs, safe - safesШефы стояли у окна, комкали в руках носовые платки, смотрели на крыши и искали доказательства, а они были в сейфах
5 Irregular Plurals Child – children Man – men Woman – women Person - peopleFoot – feetTooth – teethGoose – geeseFish – fishSheep – sheepDeer – deerAircraft - aircraftMouse – miceLouse - liceOx – oxen
6 S in both: the singular and plural Crossroads – crossroadsMeans – meansSeries – seriesSpecies - species
7 Some singular nouns ending in “S” take only a singular verb Athletics is…..,gymnastics is……,maths is……,News is……. ,Physics is……Maths is my best subject.
8 Some nouns are always plural take only a plural verb Clothes are….Belongings are….Goods are……Surroundings are…..Her clothes are always fashionable.
9 Things made of two similar parts take only a plural verb Glasses, jeans, scissors, shorts, tights, trousersThese trousers are a bit tight.To refer to a single item, use “a pair of…”A pair of jeans is…..
10 A group of people either plural or singular verb Army, audience, class, family, governmentgroup, public, staff, teamMy family live in Moscow.orMy family lives in Moscow.
11 Singular or plural? Advice is...(совет/советы) Information is…. Knowledge is…(знания)Progress is …Money is …(деньги)Hair is …(волосы)Fruit is …(фрукты)Clothes are… (одежда)Trousers are…(брюки)Scissors are…(ножницы)Glasses are…(очки)
12 Nouns Countable A child – children A cat - cats A mouse - mice A bus - busesa sandwich – sandwichesa dog - dogsa house - housesa radio - radiosUncountableFood:Butter – some butterBread – some bread,Meat, cheese,water,tea,milkLemonade, chocolate, saltMaterial:paper, wood, silverAbstract Nouns: peace, anger, love, warMany others: money, snow,Soap, furniture, petrol, oil,Information, news etc.
13 We can count some uncountable nouns by using a countable noun + of: A bottle of milk, a glass of water, a jug of milk, a cup of tea, a packet of tea, a jar of honey, a loaf of bread, a slice of bread, a carton of milk, a can of Coke, a bottle of Coke, a bowl of sugar, a kilo of meat, a lump of sugar,a bar of soap, a bar of chocolate,a piece of cheese, a piece of furniture, a piece of chocolate etc.A piece of………Advice, information, luggage, music, news, paper….