Presentation on theme: "Veterans Day. Armistice Day November 11, 1918 Signed treaty to end fighting in World War I (The Great War) Signed at the 11 th hour on the 11 th day of."— Presentation transcript:
Armistice Day November 11, 1918 Signed treaty to end fighting in World War I (The Great War) Signed at the 11 th hour on the 11 th day of the 11 th month The actual war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. In 1919, President Wilson designated November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day: ◦ "To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country’s service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nations…” President Wilson In 1938, Congress declared November 11 an official holiday
Eventually… The name was officially changed in the USA from Armistice Day to Veterans Day after veterans’ organizations urged Congress to rename it to honor veterans from WWI, WWII, and Korean War. Changed in 1954 Today it is still called Veterans Day and honors all veterans from all wars.
Poppy Known as the “Flower of Remembrance” Adopted as the official memorial flower Comes from poem “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae, written in 1915 John McCrae was a Canadian doctor and teacher serving in WWI The day before he wrote the poem, one of his closest friends was killed His friend was buried in a shallow grave with a makeshift wooden cross, wild poppies were beginning to blossom in the field The stark contrast between natural life and death through battle gave McCrae the inspiration to write this poem and to give a voice to all who died on the battlefield.
“In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the Dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie In Flanders fields. Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields.
Designed and named “Blood-swept Lands and Seas of Red” by artist Paul Cummins