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Chapter 4.1 Guided Reading and ReviewHinduism and Buddhism
A. Main Ideas 1. Founder: Hinduism: No Single FounderBuddhism: Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha)
A. Main Ideas 2. Relationship with God:Hinduism: Many gods give form to Brahman Buddhism: No formal rituals, priests, or worship of many gods
A. Main Ideas 3. Goal of Life:Hinduism: To achieve Moksha or union with Brahman Buddhism: Must follow the eight-fold path to understand the four noble truths and reach nirvana
A. Main Ideas 4. Sacred Texts: Hinduism: Vedas and UpanishadsBuddhism: The Tripitaka
A. Main Ideas 5. Attitude Toward Nonviolence:Hinduism: Followed Akimsa or Non-violence Buddhism: Believe in nonviolence
A. Main Ideas 6. Reincarnation:Hinduism: Believed in reincarnation and the principles of Karma and Dharma Buddhism: Believed in reincarnation and the
A. Main Ideas 7. Caste System: Hinduism: Embraced Caste SystemBuddhism: Rejected the Caste System
B. Reviewing Key Terms 8. Atman : Hindu concept of essential self,another name for Brahman
B. Reviewing Key Terms 9. Reincarnation: The rebirth of the soul
B. Reviewing Key Terms 10. Karma: the believe that actions in thislife will affect one’s fate in the next life
B. Reviewing Key Terms 11. Dharma: Religious and moral duties ofan individual
B. Reviewing Key Terms 12. Ahimsa: Hindu principle of non-violence which teaches that all people and things should be respected.
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