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Open access and the Wellcome Trust JISC conference York, July 2006 Robert Terry Senior Policy Adviser

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Presentation on theme: "Open access and the Wellcome Trust JISC conference York, July 2006 Robert Terry Senior Policy Adviser"— Presentation transcript:

1 Open access and the Wellcome Trust JISC conference York, July 2006 Robert Terry Senior Policy Adviser

2 Supports more than 3,000 researchers at 400 locations in 42 different countries Funding major initiatives in public engagement with science and SciArt projects The UKs leading supporter of research into the History of Medicine Expenditure in 2004/05 of c £480 million Wellcome Trust - one of the worlds largest medical research charities


4 The Internet is changing the market place…

5 …and greater (free) access can have unpredicted positive impacts Radio (1930s) and gramophone sales Televised football and increased crowd attendance Video and increased cinema audiences iPOD and individual music track sales

6 Opposition to innovation is not new…. The 1850 Public Libraries Act was the first of a series of Acts enabling local councils to provide free public libraries funded by a levy of a ½ d rate. widely opposed in Parliament by the Conservatives, who were alarmed by the cost implications of the scheme, and the social transformation it might effect...Speak to people in the medical profession, and they will say the last thing they want are people who may have illnesses reading this information, marching into surgeries and asking things. We need to be careful with this very, very high-level information. Oral evidence to House of Commons inquiry, March 1st 2004, John Jarvis (Managing) Director, Wiley Europe)

7 Open Access what is it about…. Improving access to peer reviewed original research literature Improving the use of the literature and data Improving research NOT about reforming the publishing market

8 Why dont researchers know or care? Free Publishers Libraries Researchers Shareholder s & Societies Gov / ngo funding £ Profit Free £ ££ Funders mission? No money for peer review or to author

9 Why should open access publication be important to research funders? Just funding the research is a job only part done – a fundamental part of their mission is to ensure the widest possible dissemination and unrestricted access to that research. Research is a public good not depleted but added to through use Its all about improving access – improving research Web developments have created a new publishing model - not fully realised whilst access mediated through subscriptions and bundle deals. 90% of NHS-funded research available online full text 30% immediately available to public Only 40% immediately available to NHS staff Submission to the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee's Inquiry into Scientific Publications How accessible is NHS-funded research to the general public and to the NHS's own researchers? Matthew Cockerill Ph.D., Technical Director, BioMed Central Ltd.

10 Open access at Wellcome: policy From October 1 2005, it became a condition of funding that a copy of any original research paper published in a peer- reviewed journal must be deposited into PubMed Central (PMC). First funding body to mandate this Books, conference proceedings, editorials, reviews are NOT covered by this policy Existing grant holders are strongly encouraged to deposit. From October 1 2006, the condition to deposit in PMC will become mandatory to all grant holders, irrespective of award date (NB. This applies to new papers from this point forward)

11 The Trust provides additional funding to cover the costs relating to article-processing charges levied by publishers who support this model. Approximately 1% of the research grant budget would cover costs of open access publishing Block awards to top 30 universities Supplement grants Contingency element within the grant RoMEO survey of journal policies on archiving Open access at Wellcome: policy

12 What will it cost funders? Trust estimates: 1 – 2% of research budget

13 Portable PubMed Central – UK PMC To develop a PubMed Central portal in the UK that will create a stable, permanent digital archive of peer-reviewed biomedical research publications* that is accessible for free via the Internet. *Dept. of Health, MRC, BBSRC, JISC, Cancer Research – UK, British Heart Foundation, Arthritis Research Campaign, Wellcome Trust, AMRC. Mirror the data from USA, Japan, France… collaboration and competition.

14 How will UK PMC work Source: David Lipman, Director, National Centre for Biotechnology Information, NLM, USA Published version

15 Why PMC (UKPMC) and not IRs? Long-term preservation All articles in PMC are marked-up in XML - future-proofing the record of medicine – global solution – ease of use <3minutes to deposit – publishers deposit final published version Accessible under one roof – you can find and trust what youve found PubMed is the default search tool for biomedical researchers All PMC articles linked to the PubMed citation - seamless searching Can add research value Example (using live hyperlinks) Pubmed & GooglePubmedGoogle Evaluation purposes – keep the piper happy Funder attribution: WT papers in PubMed WT papers in PMCWT papers in PubMedWT papers in PMC

16 UKPMC – quality, consistency, integrate data & literature There are three types of errors that PubMed Central deal with: 1.Structural Errors do not conform to the ruleset (DTD) that they were written for e.g. XML tags are wrong: Jones 2.Content Errors formula, tables, paragraphs, special characters (Greek characters or symbols) are not correct. 3.Consistency Errors tagged in one style suddenly switches e.g. For the first 5 years of content, Journal X has been tagging dates like: 10-12-2004 (m-d-y) Then, this date appears in content: 14-12-2004 (this must be d-m-y) 4. Integrate the literature with the data

17 Data management and sharing policies A number of funding agencies (NIH, MRC, NERC) make it a requirement of funding that researchers develop a data management plan which will include a plan to enable the sharing of the data. The Trust is developing a policy and considers that it is good research practice for researchers to plan how they will manage the data generated during research. How data will be shared (or not) should be a key element of a data management plan. The role of funders and the peer review system will be to: review these data management and sharing plans, including any costs involved in delivering them, as an integral part of the funding decision.

18 Source: David Lipman, Director, National Centre for Biotechnology Information, NLM, USA

19 Link to imaging agent in PubChem through MeSH Source: David Lipman, Director, National Centre for Biotechnology Information, NLM, USA

20 Links between sequence and related proteins

21 An example of a free full text paper from PubMed

22 Readers (public) will find and be able to read the articles from Google

23 Note the reader is directed to PMC and the BMJ

24 Using this drop down menu provides a range of links to other databases


26 This lists WT papers (only tagged since 1 May 05.

27 The Trust can only access 11% of the articles

28 What next? NIH - moving towards a mandate RCUK and the Research Councils policy announced 28 June EU policy statement by the end of 2006 Study on the economic and technical evolution of the scientific publication markets in Europe status quo not an option Guarantee public access to publicly funded research results shortly after publication

29 What next: no longer why but how More experimentation: Springer Blackwell OUP Nature Royal Society Others on their way: Elsevier, Wiley, CUP

30 What should funders do? Clear policy to mandate their researchers to deposit their papers Clear policy to provide the funding for open access publishing – make them part of research costs Support and/or create repositories provide clear advice to researchers and provide it again. Talk to publishers Open access data - integration


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