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Divided by a common language … Lorcán Ó Díomásaigh.

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Presentation on theme: "Divided by a common language … Lorcán Ó Díomásaigh."— Presentation transcript:

1 Divided by a common language … Lorcán Ó Díomásaigh


3 Meetings are informal in style and begin and end with social conversation. Participants are expected to make a contribution, if only questions and not necessarily in their specialist area. It is not usual for everyone to be well prepared Even when papers are previously distributed they will not always be read. Lack of preparation does not inhibit the passing of opinion and judgement.


5 Overview Part 1 – some obvious statements about scale Part 2 – some recent areas of development Part 3 – some conclusions

6 Ohio State University People –55,233 students –4,522 faculty members –8,569 administrative and professional staff Programs –176 Undergraduate Majors –122 Programs Leading to the Master's –98 programs Leading to the Doctorate 2000/1



9 Ohio State University IT –Internet 2 –Distributes 1M emails a day (8 gigabytes) –1,350 modem lines –22,500 telephone lines, 14,000 lan outlets, 6,500 cable TV outlets, 82 miles copper cabling, 70 miles fibre, 11 miles TV coax cable –Learning technology Library –5.5 m volumes –46K serials –$13M materials budget –$13M salaries budget 2002 2000/1




13 USA and UK top 20 library budgets 98/99 OSU

14 Lever of collective action UK –Public funding –Great leverage from funneled funding –Visibility and national scope –Continuity between consensus making, funding and operational capacity US –Dispersed and intermittently connected consensus making, funding and operational capacity


16 Articulation Research and learning Portals Environment Institutional organization Repositories Part 2 – coevolving in a shared network space*



19 Cyberinfrastructure report recommends: New INITIATIVE to revolutionize science and engineering research at NSF and worldwide to capitalize on new computing and communications opportunities –21st Century Cyberinfrastructure includes supercomputing, but also massive storage, networking, software, collaboration, visualization, and human resources –Current centers (NCSA, SDSC, PSC) are a key resource –Budget estimate: incremental $650M/year (continuing) Revolutionizing science and engineering through cyberinfrastructure:report of the NSF blue ribbon advisory panel on cyberinfrastructure Dan Atkins et al.

20 Components of CI-enabled science & engineering Collaboration Services Knowledge management institutions for collection building and curation of data, information, literature, digital objects High-performance computing for modeling, simulation, data processing/mining Individual & Group Interfaces & Visualization Physical World Humans Facilities for activation, manipulation and construction Instruments for observation and characterization. Global Connectivity Atkins report

21 Learning … it is likely that a large part of the student and teacher experience will be managed within a systems framework which manages the learning life-cycle and interfaces to multiple systems and services. Neil Mclean, pro-vice Chancellor e-learning and information services, Macquarrie University

22 All learning material produced by commercial suppliers, teachers and the community for UK Education will be available from shared repositories in a range of levels of granularity (content objects to courses). Teacher and learner will be active in the customisation of on line content Teacher and learner can select the most appropriate exemplar material from seemingly infinite choices of educational content. Teachers will not duplicate the production of existing material. Church and Jeyes, North Lincs College

23 Learning and libraries LMS is the learning habitat Need to surface information services there, folding them into the learning experience –Games, simulations, quizzez, … –Reading lists, reserves, … Value IMS, OKI

24 Directories Vocabulary Competency Metadata Repositories OrganizationsTraders Access Management MANAGE RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS CONTROL ACCESS AUTHENTICATE AUTHORISE AUDIT Procurement NEGOTIATE TRADE MAKE PAYMENT SEARCH Learner CreatorInfoseeker Repositories Assets Metadata Resource Utilizers DISCOVER REQUEST USE Presentation Mediation Provision People Agent RESOLVE Registries STORE EXPOSEMANAGESTOREEXPOSEMANAGE DELIVER (Query, Browse, Follow Path) ACCESS GATHER PUBLISH MANAGE ALERT EXPOSE

25 Research and learning Research and learning behavior is increasingly entering the network space Major institutional and programmatic investment in research and learning support Multiple technical and professional domains Raises interesting questions about service convergence and organizational support How to deliver service on demand within portals or user environments (Humanities and SS)

26 Repositories Manage –Special collections, cultural and scientific heritage, images, archives, … –Institutional intellectual output Learning objects/materials E-prints Research data ETDs …


28 Knowledge bank – OSU – in planning … the Knowledge Bank can be said to include the full array of digital assets and information services available to or being created by OSU faculty, staff, and students. The Knowledge Bank is envisioned both as a referatory providing links to digital objects and a repository capable of archiving the increasing volume of digital content created at OSU for long- term use, dissemination, and preservation. In this way, the knowledge bank will help the University exercise responsible stewardship of its intellectual assets while fostering the creation of new knowledge. April 26 2002. A proposal for the development of an OSU knowledge bank

29 Clash of Cultures Source:

30 Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy Supplementary Material Archives Source:

31 Advanced Computing Center for the Arts and Design (ACCAD) Motion Capture Lab Source:

32 Institutional intellectual assets Reputation management –Interesting interaction between Devolved scholarly authority to contribute to discipline Managed university approach to asset and reputation management Curatorial responsibility to the intellectual record Enrich the discourse of scholarly communication –Surface rich resources –New opportunities for access, analysis, re-use

33 Digitization The virtual is the real Drive selective digitization. Developing body of best practice How to connect institutional activity with overall pattern? Developing apparatus to coordinate development (e.g. DLF/OCLC registry)

34 General repository issues Early in development stages –The expense of learning The Greenhouse effect? –Special funding Reallocation of internal costs? –Choice of priorities

35 General repository issues Processes and systems organized around a different logic Unique unpublished materials Serving Non-unique, published materials Consuming A complex service apparatus in place

36 General repository issues Is current vertical organization sustainable? What will be split out into third party services? –Harvesting –Metadata creation? –Digitization? –Serving? –Archiving? On campus and wider Economy and ecology of this wider environment under construction

37 General repository issues Long term ownership costs unknown Mission critical liabilities Balance between scholarly needs and management needs –Actuarial perspective –Ingestible –Secure the value of investment

38 Repositories – rights management Lock – first generation Levels and roles – second generation Renato Iannella

39 Portals All vogue words tend to share a similar fate: the more experiences they pretend to make transparent, the more they themselves become opaque. Zygmunt Bauman

40 Library portal How the library mediates the engagement of users and resources in a network environment

41 Delivery Request Environment directories Identity management Resolution Distributed query Harvesting data Resource 2Resource 4 Institutional repository Commercial resource Community repository Presentation Rights managemen t AnnotationNotification Terminology services Syndication V. Ref

42 Presentation Resources Mediation Utility services User services Application services Application services Resources Presentation

43 Library portal Presentation Game, simulation, quiz, … Presentation Digital lab-book Presentation Exhibition Presentation Learning management system Presentation Grid portal? Presentation Disciplinary portal Presentation Personal or group portfolio

44 Service on demand – threads/channels Do a comprehensive literature search Find 20 most heavily used resources on.. Generate a reading list What general material can I get this afternoon on … Can you answer this question Can you recommend some starting points for.. Find commentaries on … Can I comment on this resource Can I create a reading list I need images of x which I can use for this purpose Who are the most cited authors on the web in x Can I look for engineering drawings, previous experimental design,…

45 Portals Supplier driven view … the wrong answer to the wrong question? Recombinant channels –Institutional or subject portal –Portfolio (configured to person, group, …) –Channels (surface in space of user) What is the role of directory services and portal utilities? Architecture?

46 Interoperability Recombinant potential –Disaggregating scholarly publishing Linking, Identifiers –Play learning objects Packaged –Federated searching Fusing metadata –Processing content Structured documents –Ingesting content –Surface service channels Examples –Can I add a document to a repository? –Can I add a repository to a distributed query? –Can I fuse metadata from one repository with another? –Metadata is not just for discovery (objects, services, organizations, policies, …)

47 Institutional organization (Neil Mclean) For the last decade, universities have been grappling with the growing complexities arising out of the pervasive influence of information and communication technologies. The underlying preoccupation has been with the means of managing the IT infrastructure supporting academic computing, administrative systems and library systems. Each domain has had its own particular challenges with issues of reliability and cost-effectiveness being constant themes. The growing interdependence of the various systems environments led to a focus on organisational restructuring as a solution to a range of political and functional problems.

48 Towards the end of the decade, it become apparent that organisational restructuring in itself was not the answer. Put simply, the bringing together of libraries, IT services, management information systems and (sometimes) flexible learning centres has not necessarily lead to better service outcomes. There have been many examples of tightly converged organisational structures which have failed to demonstrate noticeable changes in existing service cultures and, conversely, there have been examples of rather disparate organisational structures demonstrating highly innovative service solutions.

49 Organization Content management systems Learning content management Learning management Library system Manifold research repositories Manifold digital library systems Intranet/groupware/communica tions Enterprise data management Authentication/ authorization Directory Rights management Manifold portals

50 Environment In the shared network space we move from vertical organization around collection to horizontal organization around process and user need. There may be economies through –Removing redundancy –Cooperative processing –Creating a shared resource

51 Third party services Shared cataloging Directory services (services, users, rights, organizations, policies – e.g. ILL) Archiving services (e.g. Data Archive) Authentication (Athens) Resolution services? Hosting services Harvesting services

52 An environment is … A set of network services which work within particular technical and business constraints. –Jisc information environment –Portal –Intranet

53 SOAP Javascript/HTTP Z39.50 RDN gateway/portal service RDN gateway/portal service RDN Gateway For Example … Institutional e-print archives Personal e-print archives OAI-PMH E-Prints UK Non-institutional e-print archives Subject classification service Name authority service Citation analysis service SOAP JISC FAIR program

54 Environments Needed to support research and learning Stretch services in new ways which cross organizational and institutional boundaries –On campus –Within wider groupings Multiple relationships

55 Conclusions – assist change JISC –Consensus making –Funding and frameworks –Operational leverage –National visibility and scope –Needs to sustain institutional ownership –Encourage institutional development

56 Conclusions - change US –Consensus making, funding, and operational activity more intermittently connected –More peaks – creative and productive local institutions –ARL, CNI, DLF, IMLS, NSF, Mellon, RLG, OCLC, …

57 Conclusions Engagement with the fabric of research and learning –Rich experience –Institution-building



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