Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Values and Ethics in CLIAG Presented by – Date – A man without ethics is a wild beast loosed upon this world. Albert Camus."— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Values and Ethics in CLIAG Presented by – Date – A man without ethics is a wild beast loosed upon this world. Albert Camus
2 Aims and Objectives Aim: To develop understanding of the need to consider values and ethics in the delivery of CLIAGObjectivesBy the end of the session participants will be able to:Define values and ethicsState their expectations of providers of CLIAGList the core values within CLIAG practiceCompare and contrast ethics and codes of practice from different professional bodies
3 Introductions - Expectations Work in pairs – try to work with someone you do not know well.Introduce yourselves to each other: name and job role.Be prepared to introduce your partner to the group.You have two minutes for this discussion.
4 DefinitionsValues are a person’s beliefs about what is good and desirable in life. They are long-term guides for a person’s choices and experiences.Arnold (2005)Values, what people prize, are picked up or inculcated along the path of life.Egan (2007)Ethics The science of human duty; the body of rules of duty drawn from this science; a particular system of principles and rules concerning duty, whether true or false; rules of practice in respect to a single class of human actions; as, political or social ethics; medical ethics.
5 “Helpers without a set of working values are adrift.” Why Consider Values?Values are drivers of behaviour and are used in making decisions in every day life.“Helpers without a set of working values are adrift.”“In the final analysis, as you sit with your clients, only those beliefs, values and norms that you have made your own will make a difference in your helping behavior.”Egan (2007)
6 Your Values Take a piece of A4 paper and a number of Post-Its. Reflect on your values. Write your values on the Post-its – one value per Post-it.Put these values in order of priority of importance on the A4 sheet.You have five minutes for this part of the exerciseLook at your organisations Code of Ethics or Value Statements.Find a partner. You have to take it in turns to interview each other about your values and the impact they have on your behaviour with learners and how they relate to the Code of ethics.You have 15 minutes for this exercise.
7 Five Major Values Respect Unconditional positive regard EmpathyGenuinenessClient empowermentOutcome focussedEgan (2007)Unconditional positive regardEmpathetic understandingCongruenceRogers (1967)
8 Respect Foundation value: Listen attentively Do no harm and be “for” the learnerBeing competent and committedAssume learner goodwillSuspend judgementFocus on learner’s agenda
9 Empathy Primary orientation value : Drives all helping behaviour Commitment to understand student as fully as possible- From learner point of view- Through the context of their lives
10 Genuineness Congruence Know yourself and be at ease with yourself Do not over emphasize the helping roleNot patronising or condescendingAvoid defensivenessReveal true motivationsSpontaneously and freely communicate rather than use habitual, planned strategiesStrive for interdependence not dependenceAdapted Gibb (1978) in Egan (2007)
11 Ethical Principles Confidentiality Impartiality Split into two groups. One group to consider confidentiality and the other impartiality.Identify the instances when the principle your group is considering could be an issue. Be prepared to feedback you findings to the other group.
12 Client EmpowermentHelp learners discover, develop and use untapped power within themselves:Learners can change if they choseShare helping process with learnerFocus on learning instead of helpingCreate a context of constructive change and developmentIndependent learners and researchersAdapted from Farrelly and Brandsma (1974) in Egan (2007)
13 Outcome Focussed Proactivity not reactivity Planning and aspiring not problem solvingInitiating rather than followingRequires a real life focus and a focus on what can be done to enable this learner to act on own behalf intelligently and thoughtfully.
14 What Do You Do? Work in groups of four. Discuss what actions should be taken by the tutors/advisors in the given scenarios.List the values involved.You will be asked to present your findings to the rest of the group.You have 10 minutes for this exercise.
15 EthicsWell based standards of right and wrong that prescribe what ought to be done, based on society’s / group’s valuesStandards relating to rightsExerciseWork in groups of six. Look at copies of Ethical Frameworks and Codes of Ethics. Discuss:Similarities and differences.How does your organisation’s ethical codes compare?Which ones impact on your practice?You have 15 minutes for exercise.Present your findings to whole group.
16 Summary What are values, ethics? Why focus on values and ethics in CLIAG?What are the five core values in CLIAG?What are the similarities across the given Codes of Ethics?What have you learned from this session?
17 ReferencesArnold, J., Silvester., J., Patterson, F., Cooper, C., & Burnes, B. (2005) Work Psychology, England: Pearson Education Ltd.Egan, G. (2007) 8th ed. The Skilled Helper, Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole