Presentation on theme: "HENRI FAYOL (1841 – 1925) .… 14 General Principles…."— Presentation transcript:
1 HENRI FAYOL (1841 – 1925).… 14 General Principles….
2 Part I: Why Management Teaching Part II: Principles & Element of Part I: Why Management Teaching Part II: Principles & Element of Management Part III: Personal Observations & Experience Part IV: Lessons of War
3 …FAYOL’s FOURTEEN PRINCIPLES. (Not Process But e. l. e. m. e. n …FAYOL’s FOURTEEN PRINCIPLES* *(Not Process But e.l.e.m.e.n.ts of Management)1.Division of Labour2.Authority power to extract obedience3. Discipline based on respect (fear xxx!)4. Unity of Command only ONE superior5.Unity of Direction Sound O.S., base same objective6. Sub-ordination of individual interest togeneral interest7. Remuneration Daily/wage, price-rate, bonus, profit sharing
4 8. Centralization Matter of proportion (Role of Sub-ordinate ↑ → Decentralization )9. Scalar Chain Top to lowest chain (short circuited ?!)10. Order Everything in place!11.Equity Kindliness & Justice for employee relations !12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel Personnel Planning !13. Initiative Zeal of energy14. ESPRIT de Corps harmony + Unity ! Team Spirit
5 “Six” Groups of Activities TechnicalCommercialFinancialSecurityAccountingManagerial
6 “Six” Qualities and Abilities of Manager Physical…health, vigour, addressMental…understand, learn, judgmentMoral…initiative, dignity, firmnessGeneral Education…General acquaintancesSpecial Knowledge…Peculiar to functionExperience… Recollection of lessons
7 MANAGING MEANS LOOKING AHEAD! Plan – Organize – Command – Co-ordinate – Control !..a/a…FIVE FUNCTIONS…a/a..
8 COUBROUGH Interpretation …Administration V ManagementJust 1 of these functions Smooth functioning of 6 !More time by Mgrs (? !) Conduct towards objectivesSTORRS Interpretation…Manage… V …Govern…To govern is to of above 6 functionsConduct towards objectives More time at high level
9 Govern Big e.g. Chief of Ship, State … Note: In FrenchGovern Big e.g. Chief of Ship, State …Administrator SMALL mattersHence, Coughbrough’s TRANSLATION is better !TRANSLATION ERROR A = M M.B.A. !
10 :∞…issue of proportion… ∞: PRINCIPLES f.l.e.x.i.b.l.e. ! ! !:∞…issue of proportion… ∞: