Presentation on theme: "The American Nation Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies 1745–1775."— Presentation transcript:
1 The American NationChapter 5Crisis in the Colonies1745–1775
2 Section 1: The French and Indian War The American NationChapter 5:Crisis in the Colonies,1745–1775Section 1: The French and Indian War
3 The French and Indian War Chapter 5, Section 11.How did the rivalry of Britain and France lead to war in North America?2.How did lack of unity and mistakes lead to British defeats early in the war?3.What turned the tide of war in Britain’s favor?4.How did British troops bring about the fall of New France?
5 Rivalry Between Britain and France Leads to War Chapter 5, Section 1European powers competed for trade and colonies around the globe.France and England both claimed land in North America.English settlers pushing westward clashed with French fur traders in the Ohio Valley.
6 Rivalry Between Britain and France Leads to War Chapter 5, Section 1Native Americans were caught up in the conflict. Algonquins and Hurons sided with the French. Iroquois supported the English.In 1754, France and Great Britain began to fight in the Ohio River Valley. English settlers called the fight against France and their Indian allies the French and Indian War.
8 How Britain Almost Lost the War Chapter 5, Section 1EventAlbany Plan of UnionWhat HappenedTo get the colonists to work together to defeat the French, Franklin proposed this plan for “one general government” for the 13 colonies.ResultsThe colonial assemblies turned the plan down.Fort NecessityWashington launched a surprise attack against the French.French and Indian forces outnumbered Washington’s forces. Washington surrendered.Fort DuquesneGeneral Braddock led British and colonial troops toward Fort Duquesne.The French launched a surprise attack and defeated Braddock’s troops.Fort Oswego, Fort William HenryThe French succeeded in capturing these forts.Britain’s Indian allies began to doubt the British.
9 How Great Britain Won the War Chapter 5, Section 1Who or WhatWilliam PittWhat HappenedPitt became the new head of the British government. Pitt’s first goal was to win the war in North America.ResultsPitt sent his best generals, money, and supplies to North America.LouisbourgWith the capture of the most important French fort in Canada, the tide of battle turned.Fort DuquesneMajor General Amherst captured the fort in 1758.Fort Duquesne became Fort Pitt.The British seized it in 1758.Added to British success.Fort Niagara, Crown Point, Fort TiconderogaThe British seized them in 1759.The British and French troops fought on the Plains of Abraham, outside the city of Quebec. The British won. Quebec surrendered.Quebec, important city overlooking the St. Lawrence RiverIn the dark, British troops led by General Wolfe quietly climbed the cliff and surprised the French.
10 How Great Britain Won the War Chapter 5, Section 1
12 The Treaty of ParisChapter 5, Section 1Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris in 1763.The treaty marked the end of French power in North America.Britain gained Canada and all French lands east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.
13 France kept two islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The Treaty of ParisChapter 5, Section 1France kept two islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.France kept some sugar-growing islands in the West Indies.
14 The Treaty of Paris Spain gave up Florida to Britain. Chapter 5, Section 1Spain gave up Florida to Britain.Spain received New Orleans and all French land west of the Mississippi.Spain kept its empire in Central and South America.
15 Section 1 AssessmentChapter 5, Section 1In North America, the French and the English clashed overa) land claims and fur trade.b) which Native Americans would be their allies.c) clearing the forests.d) rights to the Mississippi River.As a result of the French and Indian Wara) the Iroquois deserted the British.b) the city of Pittsburgh grew up.c) France lost its empire in North America.d) France controlled shipping on the St. Lawrence River.
16 Section 1 AssessmentIn North America, the French and the English clashed overa) land claims and fur trade.b) which Native Americans would be their allies.c) clearing the forests.d) rights to the Mississippi River.As a result of the French and Indian Wara) the Iroquois deserted the British.b) the city of Pittsburgh grew up.c) France lost its empire in North America.d) France controlled shipping on the St. Lawrence River.Chapter 5, Section 1