The Minstrel Show Reinforces and popularizes black stereotypes through entertainment.
Fighting Back – Booker T. Washington Worked to establish vocational training for African-Americans. Thought it was too soon for African-Americans to expect full political rights. Worked openly with the white establishment. Founded Tuskegee Institute.
Fighting Back – W.E.B. DuBois Demanded full political rights for blacks immediately. First African-American to earn a PhD from Harvard Wanted a classical education for African- Americans Niagra Movement Helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Urban League
Fighting Back – Marcus Garvey Black Nationalist who preached self-reliance Founded the Back-to- Africa Movement (Liberia) Advocated for black segregation and racial purity. Founded Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
Reducing Prejudice Anti-Defamation League –Protects Jews and others from attacks Mexican Americans –PLM –mutualistas Native Americans –Society of American Indians Asian Americans –Takao Ozawa - 1922