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lecturePLUS Timberlake1 Chapter 1 Measurements Density

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lecturePLUS Timberlake2 Density Density compares the mass of an object to its volume D = mass = g or g volume mL cm 3 Note: 1 mL = 1 cm 3

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lecturePLUS Timberlake3 Learning Check D1 Osmium is a very dense metal. What is its density in g/cm 3 if 50.00 g of the metal occupies a volume of 2.22cm 3 ? a) 2.25 g/cm 3 b)22.5 g/cm 3 c)111 g/cm 3

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lecturePLUS Timberlake4 Solution 2) Placing the mass and volume of the osmium metal into the density setup, we obtain D = mass = 50.00 g = volume2.22 cm 3 = 22.522522 g/cm 3 = 22.5 g/cm 3

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lecturePLUS Timberlake5 Volume Displacement A solid displaces a matching volume of water when the solid is placed in water. 33 mL 25 mL

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lecturePLUS Timberlake6 Learning Check What is the density (g/cm 3 ) of 48 g of a metal if the metal raises the level of water in a graduated cylinder from 25 mL to 33 mL? 1) 0.2 g/ cm 3 2) 6 g/m 3 3) 252 g/cm 3 33 mL 25 mL

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lecturePLUS Timberlake7 Solution 2) 6 g/cm 3 Volume (mL) of water displaced = 33 mL - 25 mL= 8 mL Volume of metal (cm 3 ) = 8 mL x 1 cm 3 = 8 cm 3 1 mL Density of metal = mass = 48 g = 6 g/cm 3 volume 8 cm 3

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lecturePLUS Timberlake8 Learning Check3 Which diagram represents the liquid layers in the cylinder? (K) Karo syrup (1.4 g/mL), (V) vegetable oil (0.91 g/mL,) (W) water (1.0 g/mL) 1) 2) 3) K K W W W V V V K

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lecturePLUS Timberlake9 Solution (K) Karo syrup (1.4 g/mL), (V) vegetable oil (0.91 g/mL,) (W) water (1.0 g/mL) 1) K W V

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lecturePLUS Timberlake10 Practice Problems What is the density of a piece of wood that has a mass of 25.0 grams and a volume of 29.4 cm 3 ? D = 25.0g = 29.4cm 3 0.850340136 g/cm 3 = 0.850 g/cm 3

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lecturePLUS Timberlake11 A piece of wood that measures 3.0 cm by 6.0 cm by 4.0 cm has a mass of 80.0 grams. What is the density of the wood? Would the piece of wood float in water?

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lecturePLUS Timberlake12 I threw a plastic ball in the pool for my dog to fetch. The mass of the ball was 125 grams. What must the volume be to have a density of 0.500 g/mL?

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lecturePLUS Timberlake13 An ice cube measuring 5.80cm by 5.80cm by 5.80cm has a density of 0.917 g/mL. What is the mass of the ice cube?

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lecturePLUS Timberlake14 A cup of gold colored metal beads was measured to have a mass 425 grams. By water displacement, the volume of the beads was calculated to be 48.0mL. Given the densities, identify the metal. Gold: 19.3 g/mL Copper: 8.86 g/mL Bronze: 9.87 g/mL

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