Presentation on theme: "5.1 Notes To keep your teeth and gums healthy, brush and floss daily. At least brush twice a day. Soft bristle tooth brush Replace the tooth brush."— Presentation transcript:
5.1 Notes To keep your teeth and gums healthy, brush and floss daily. At least brush twice a day. Soft bristle tooth brush Replace the tooth brush every 2 to 3 months or after an illness. fluoride – a substance that helps prevent tooth decay Buy a toothpaste with fluoride. If you can’t brush, at least rinse your mouth out
5.1 Notes You should floss to get the food stuck between the teeth and to prevent cavities Brush for 2 minutes each time: 30 seconds for each of the 4 areas. 30 seconds for each of the 4 areas. Circular strokes are the best for brushing Brush your tongue Things that help fight tooth decay: Fruits & vegetables Fruits & vegetables Milk and yogurt – they contain calcium Milk and yogurt – they contain calcium No sugar (less sugar) No sugar (less sugar) Visit the dentist every 6 months Visit the dentist every 6 months
5.1 Notes tooth decay – a tooth or teeth start to disintegrate due to bacteria plaque – a thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth and contributes to tooth decay If you do not brush off the plaque, acid forms, and starts eating a hole (cavity) in your tooth. cavity – a hole in teeth that forms due to acid when plaque builds up dentin – bonelike material that surrounds the sensitive inner parts of the tooth enamel – the hard material on the outer surface of the tooth
5.1 Notes tartar – hardened plaque that threatens gum health 3 layers of the skin: 1. epidermis – outer part of the skin 2. dermis – inner part of the skin 3. layer of fat cells
5.1 Notes 5 functions of the skin: 1. waterproofing – keeps the water out of the body 2. Vitamin D formation – help build bones and teeth 3. protections – protects from germs and injuries 4. temperature control 5. sensation – any touching feeling acne – a skin condition (face, neck back, chest, shoulders) that occurs when active oil glands cause hair follicles to become clogged.
5.1 Notes dandruff – a flaking of the outer layer of dead skin cells on the scalp (scalp is dry) head lice – parasitic insects that live on the hair shaft and cause itching