Presentation on theme: "Chapter 19 Section 1 The US enters WWI Mr. Love US HIS."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 19 Section 1 The US enters WWI Mr. Love US HIS
Woodrow Wilson’s Diplomacy Wilson wanted a world free from revolution and war Thought democracy was the answerThought democracy was the answer Revolution does take place in Mexico in 1911. Diaz, flees MexicoDiaz, flees Mexico Francisco Madero (top right) takes over and then murdered byFrancisco Madero (top right) takes over and then murdered by General Victoriano Huerta (bottom right)General Victoriano Huerta (bottom right) Wilson opposes Huerta and will not allow them weapons.Wilson opposes Huerta and will not allow them weapons.
Woodrow Wilson’s Diplomacy Wilson sends in the Marines to seize the Mexican port of Veracruz to overthrow Huerta. Anti-American riots break out in LA and Europe. Wilson gives in and Venustiano Carranza (left) is Mexico’s new president. Armed Mexican groups opposing Carranza, led my Pancho Villa, carry out surprise attacks in New Mexico. Trying to get the US involved. Gen. John Pershing is sent into Mexico to capture Villa. Unsuccessful.
The Outbreak of WWI Roots of WW go back to 1860’s. Prussia had a series of war to unite into Germany.Prussia had a series of war to unite into Germany. By 1871 there was GermanyBy 1871 there was Germany France and Germany were enemies.France and Germany were enemies. Germany formed the Triple Alliance of Austria-Hungary and Italy. France, England and Russia formed an alliance together called the Triple Entente.
WW I June 1914, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed by a Bosnian revolutionary from the group Black Hand. On July 28th, Austria declares war on Serbia. On August 1, Germany declares war on Russia. Then Germany declares war on France. The Allies (France, Russia, Great Britain, and Italy) versus The Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria) Germany and France became locked in trench warfare. Lasts for 3 years
American Neutrality America declares neutrality (no side) Most Americans favor the allied side. Wilson’s cabinet was pro-British. The British tried very hard to gain American support US banks have given loans to the Allies which means they will only be paid back if Allies win.
Moving Toward War Most Americans support Allies but do not want war Germany began to use many U-Boats to destroy the British blockades. They destroyed the Lusitania, a British liner that held 1200. 128 were American. All dead.They destroyed the Lusitania, a British liner that held 1200. 128 were American. All dead. America tells Germany not to sink anymore ships. Issues the Sussex Pledge, a promise made by Germany to stop sinking merchant ships.Issues the Sussex Pledge, a promise made by Germany to stop sinking merchant ships.
Moving Toward War Arthur Zimmerman, German official, asks the German ambassador of Mexico to get Mexico to align with Germany in return for all previous territory.Arthur Zimmerman, German official, asks the German ambassador of Mexico to get Mexico to align with Germany in return for all previous territory. The Zimmerman Telegram is intercepted by British and leaked to American press Germany goes back to unrestricted sinking of American ships and on April 6, 1917, the US declares war on Germany.Germany goes back to unrestricted sinking of American ships and on April 6, 1917, the US declares war on Germany.