2 USE Actions that started and finished in the past Examples I went to the beach last SundayI bought a new car yesterday.Actions that happened one after the other in the past (like in a story)I went into the disco and I saw my favourite girl, then I asked her to dance,...He came in, took off his coat and sat down.
4 -ed for all persons Regular verbs Play played Work worked Stay stayedListen listened
5 Spelling1) Double the consonant if the verb ends in consonant-vowel-consonant and has only one syllable stop – stopped swap - swapped2)Add only –d, when the verb ends with –elove – loved save – saved3)Verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a consonant:Change 'y' to 'i' Then add -ed.hurry - he hurried (watch out! play – played)
6 The form CHANGES from infinitives Irregular verbsThe form CHANGES from infinitivesExamplesspeak spokeeat atesee sawfly flewthink thought
8 DID NOT + VERB (base form) Negative SentencesDID NOT + VERB (base form)Example: I did not work yesterdayorI didn’t work yesterdayINCORRECT: I didn’t worked
9 More examples: - I didn’t went on holiday last year - I didn’t go on holiday last year- I didn’t went on holiday last year
10 Negative Sentences verb TO BE WAS / WERE + NOTExamplesI was not at school yesterday afternoonorI wasn’t at school yesterday afternoonThey were not at home last weekendThey weren’t at home last weekend
11 Yes /No Questions Did you work yesterday? DID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence ?ExampleDid you work yesterday?- Yes, I did.- No, I didn’t.
12 Yes /No Questions verb TO BE WAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence ? Example: Were you at home last weekend? - Yes, I was. - No, I wasn’t.
13 REMEMBER!! Positive sentences: I played football yesterday I went home early on SaturdayNegative sentences:I didn’t play football yesterdayI didn’t go home early on SaturdayYes/No questions:Did you play football yesterday?Did you go home early in Saturday?
14 REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE Positive sentences: I was in London last year Negative sentences:They weren’t at home last weekendYes/No questions:Were you ill yesterday?
15 What’s the past form? lose lost make made meet met read send sent stealstoletaketookteachtaughtthinkthoughtthrowthrewforgetforgotgivegavehearheardkeepkeptleaveleftbreak broke buy bought feel felt find found fly flew
16 How do you pronounce the –ed ending? There are three rules we should take into account to know how to pronounce the –ed ending:Rule 1: If a present tense verb ends with the sound of a voiced consonant or a vowel sound, the pronunciation in past tense is /d/Rule 2: If the present tense verb ends with the sound of a voiceless consonant sound (f, k, s, x, sh, ch, or p), the pronunciation in past tense is /t/Rule 3: If the present tense verb ends with the sound of /t/ or /d/ consonant sound, the pronunciation in past tense is always /id/Note: it’s the ending sound, not spelling that determines pronunciation.
17 How do you say these past verbs? arrivedparkedlandedhopedarguedstayedbookedhatedlaughedended stopped decided talked walked listened rented liked